Martyrdom of a Saint, historiated initial from a Choirbook, in Latin [Italy, Umbria, c.1300]
- ink and pigment on vellum
The style of this initial is characteristic for Umbrian illumination from the late 13th and early 14th century. It can be compared most closely to the work of the Maestro dei Messali di Deruta-Salerno, so named after two Missals made for the Cathedrals of Deruta and Salerno (see F. Bologna, La Pittura italiana, 1962) and to the oeuvre of the Primo Maestro dei Corali di San Pietro a Gubbio. A major influence for the work of the Deruta-Salerno Master is a Byzantine element derived from Cimabue (1240-1302). The illumination follows the achievements of the frescoes in the upper Basilica of San Francesco, Assisi, and can thus be dated to c.1300 or slightly earlier.