Lucas Cranach the Elder
- Lucas, the elder Cranach
- Madonna and Child
- signed with the artist's device of a winged serpent with elevated wings upper right
- oil on panel
- 8 1/8 by 6 1/8 in.; 20.5 by 15.5 cm.
Cologne, Lempertz, 13-21 April 1920, lot 2299 (as School of Thuringia, at the time of Lucas Cranach the Elder);
Otto-Wilhelm Sohn Rethel, Düsseldorf;
Anonymous sale ("The Property of a Gentleman"), London, Sotheby's, 10 December 1975, lot 71, for £7,500 (as Lucas Cranach the Elder);
Anonymous sale, Vienna, Dorotheum, 30 November 1976, lot 19, for ATS 900,000 (as Lucas Cranach the Elder);
German private collection.
M.J. Friedländer and J. Rosenberg, The Paintings of Lucas Cranach, London 1979, p. 148, cat. no. 393B (as "Likely to be by Lucas Cranach, but attributed orally by D. Koepplin to the Master of the Fluffy Hair“).
A very similar panel of almost identical dimensions, which is in the collection of Her Majesty the Queen (inv. no. RCIN 407818), can be dated to 1547 but should be considered the work of the Younger Cranach. Dr Michael Hofbauer, who knows the present painting from images, proposes that Cranach the Elder kept small panels such as the present work for use as workshop templates or for the studio to produce variants of given prototypes. Dr Hofbauer notes in particular the energy of the signature and the pronounced earlobes, both features of the Elder Cranach's work. He also stresses the extremely high quality of the present work and the probable execution by the father himself, but believes that in general in Cranach's oeuvre it is impossible to differentiate between his hand and those of the workshop.
Dr. Dieter Koepplin, also on the basis of photographs, believes the work to have probably been painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder, praising the "excellent quality," and proposing a date of execution of circa 1545.
We are grateful to Dr. Werner Schade, Dr. Dieter Koepplin and Dr. Michael Hofbauer for their kind assistance in preparing this entry.