Lot 4
  • 4

Marc Chagall

Estimate
400,000 - 600,000 GBP
Sold
461,000 GBP
bidding is closed

Description

  • Marc Chagall
  • Femme à l'âne vert or Tête de vache verte   
  • signed Marc Chagall (lower right)
  • oil on canvas

Provenance

Galerie Rosengart, Lucerne (acquired from the artist)

Willy & Marina Staehelin-Peyer, Zurich (acquired from the above)

Thence by descent to the present owner

Exhibited

Tokyo, National Museum of Western Art & Kyoto, Municipal Museum of Art, Exposition Marc Chagall-Japon, 1963, no. 92, illustrated in the catalogue (as dating from 1952)

Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Fondation Maeght, Hommage à Marc Chagall, 1967, no. 45, illustrated in the catalogue (as dating from 1955-56)

Nara, Prefectural Museum, Marc Chagall: In Praise of Love and Nature, 2007, no. 44, illustrated in colour in the catalogue (as dating from circa 1953-54)

Literature

Franz Meyer, Marc Chagall. Life and Work, New York, 1961, no. 925, illustrated p. 698 (as dating from 1952-54)

Catalogue Note

Painted in the early 1950s, Femme à l’âne vert is suffused with the rich blue that characterises much of Chagall’s post-war work and represents his new engagement with colour and light following his return to France in 1947. At the centre of the composition a young woman bearing a bouquet of flowers and a donkey or a cow emerge from the inky blue gazing wistfully upwards at a shadowy figure who appears to be a representation of Jesus on the Cross.

As throughout Chagall’s œuvre, the figures are laden with significance. The young woman with dark, flowing hair was synonymous with the artist’s beloved first wife Bella, and here she is lent extra weight by the bouquet of flowers she clasps in her hand. Flowers are part of the cornucopia of motifs that persist throughout Chagall’s œuvre, and they carry a unique significance, as André Verdet explains: ‘Marc Chagall loved flowers. He delighted in their aroma, in contemplating their colours. For a long time, certainly after 1948 when he moved for good to the South of France after his wartime stay in the U.S., there were always flowers in his studio. In his work bouquets of flowers held a special place […]. Usually they created a sense of joy, but they could also reflect the melancholy of memories’ (A. Verdet, in Jacob Baal-Teshuva, (ed.), Chagall: A Retrospective, Fairfield, 1995, p. 347). 

The figure of the donkey appears from the outset in Chagall’s work, most notably against the blue background of his 1911 composition L’Ane vert now in Tate Modern, London (fig. 1). In this respect the inclusion of the animal in the present composition recalls his past, and specifically his provincial upbringing in Vitebsk, but the animals that populate Chagall’s dreamworlds – donkeys, goats, cockerels – often also seem emblematic of the artist himself.

Biblical subjects, and particularly the figure of Christ appeared frequently in Chagall’s work of the 1940s where they came to represent the suffering of the Jews and of people across Europe. In the present work the allusion is less direct but combines brilliantly with the contemplative gazes of the central figures to imbue the work with an underlying melancholy that suggests both a present happiness and a nostalgia for a lost past.

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