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7
A rare set of four large Belgian silver toilet boxes, Bertholet Labeen de Lambermont, Liège, 1693
Estimate
200,000350,000
JUMP TO LOT
7
A rare set of four large Belgian silver toilet boxes, Bertholet Labeen de Lambermont, Liège, 1693
Estimate
200,000350,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

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A rare set of four large Belgian silver toilet boxes, Bertholet Labeen de Lambermont, Liège, 1693
oval shaped, the lids with foliated scrollwork on a matted ground and engraved with the arms of the Salms family
Haut. 7 cm, 2 4/5 in., long. 16 cm, 6 1/3 in.; 1 463 g, 47 oz 1 dwt
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Provenance

Commissioned by Charles Antoine de Salms; given by his descendants to the de Clercx de Waroux family, before 1905, thence in the same Belgian family by descent. 

Exhibited

Universal Exhibition, Liège, L'art ancien au Pays de Liège, Palais des Arts Anciens, 1905, no. 4037 ;
Exposition de l'art de l'Ancien Pays de Liège et des anciens arts wallons, Centenary of the Independence of Belgium, Liège, 1930, no. 1858.

Literature

Literature:
G. Terme, L'art ancien au pays de Liège. Album publié sous le patronage du comité exécutif de l'exposition universelle de Liège, Liège, 1905, vol. II, pl. 122 ;
Exposition de l'art de l'Ancien Pays de Liège et des anciens arts wallons, exh. cat., Liège, 1930, no. 1858 ;
J. Brassinne, L'orfèvrerie civile liégeoise, Liège, 1935, vol. II, p. 260.

Related literature :
O. de Schaetzen, P. Colman, Orfèvrerie liégeoise, Antwerp, 1976, p. 135, no. 31 ;
P. Colman (dir.), L'orfèvrerie civile ancienne du Pays de Liège, exh. cat. Musée de l'art wallon, Liège, 1991, pp. 79, 84, 89, 90, 92.

Catalogue Note

Charles was the son of Antoine de Salms, taxes receiver for the Cathedral and States of Liège, and Catherine Gruysen, from a family of tradesmen specialised in trade of weapons and hardware. A few silver pieces bearing the arms of the Salms family are recorded such as a silver tankard, earlier than the present boxes (1650s), by François Knaeps, which is engraved with the accolé arms of Salms and Gruysen families (see O. de Schaetzen, P. Colman, 1976, pp. 114).

Charles Antoine and his wife, Isabelle de Garadette (1659-1697), had an extensive number of descendants and commissioned several pieces to the goldsmith Berthelot Labeen of Lambermont, such as four candlesticks, engraved with the arms of the Salms and Flaveau, on the occasion of the marriage of Marie Catherine de Salms, daughter of Charles Antoine, with Philippe Jacques Flaveau de Henry de la Raudière (cf. P. Colman, op. cit., 1990, 90).

Such embossing with large foliage and flowers on a matted ground is typical in Liège silver production during the reign of Prince-Bishop Jean-Louis d'Elderen (1688-1694), of which Berthelot Labeen of Lambermont is one of the most iconic goldsmiths. See for example a cloth brush, showing an absolutely identical vegetal pattern to our boxes, with comparable dimensions and dating 1702-1703 (fig. 2; length 15.8 cm). Alongside his secular production, Labeen of Lambermont produced sumptuous religious pieces such as the monstrance-reliquaries of the Saints Innocents and Saint Fortunat, in the church of Saint-Nicolas in Liège.

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