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PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE EARLS OF CLARENDON

American Revolution
A SKETCH OF THE INTEREST OF GREAT BRITAIN IN HER AMERICAN COLONIES, WITH SOME REMARKS UPON THE POLICY, TRADE, AND COMMERCE OF AMERICA
Estimate
3,0005,000
LOT SOLD. 10,625 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
15

PROPERTY FROM THE COLLECTION OF THE EARLS OF CLARENDON

American Revolution
A SKETCH OF THE INTEREST OF GREAT BRITAIN IN HER AMERICAN COLONIES, WITH SOME REMARKS UPON THE POLICY, TRADE, AND COMMERCE OF AMERICA
Estimate
3,0005,000
LOT SOLD. 10,625 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations

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London

American Revolution
A SKETCH OF THE INTEREST OF GREAT BRITAIN IN HER AMERICAN COLONIES, WITH SOME REMARKS UPON THE POLICY, TRADE, AND COMMERCE OF AMERICA
an anonymous manuscript treatise calling for free trade between Britain and the American colonies, the encouragement of American manufacturing, the better understanding of the needs and desires of American settlers ("...We do not enough consider, that the first care & concern an American Setler [sic] has, is to clear his land, to get Bread to eat from it, and to support himself and Family by the produce of it..."), the limitation of taxation and, among other legislative reforms, the abolition of the Act reserving white pines for the crown, fair copy in a single hand, text on rectos only, with occasional additions on the facing versos, complete in four numbered 4to notebooks, c.110 pages, plus blanks, with five slips of paper with contemporary notes in another hand loosely inserted, marbled paper wrappers, probably late 1760s

[with:] Thomas Howard, autograph letter signed, to "My Lord" [Thomas, 1st Earl of Clarendon], on British difficulties in the War of Independence ("...The country is so very strong, and the general enmity so very prevalent against us, that we find infinite difficulties whenever we are separated for any length of time from our shipping...") and advising on military policy, 8 pages, folio, Philadelphia, 30 November 1777


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Provenance

This is one of 22 lots that have been removed from Holywell House, Hampshire, the home of the Villiers family, Earls of Clarendon. They chiefly relate to the life and careers of two contemporaries: Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury (1710-53), and Thomas Villiers (1709-86), created successively Baron Hyde of Hindon (1756) and Earl of Clarendon (1776).

Cornbury was the last heir to the Earldom of Clarendon that had been created for the statesman and historian Edward Hyde (1609-1674). Cornbury had Jacobite sympathies but was MP for the University of Oxford – with which his family had powerful connections – from 1732 until 1751. He became disillusioned with politics in the later 1740s and spent his final years in France. Cornbury counted Pope and Swift amongst his friends, and was himself the author of pamphlets and at least two plays (see lots 6 and 7). He died, unmarried, in Paris in 1753. Most of Cornbury’s property was inherited by his niece, Charlotte (née Capel). Thomas Villiers, second son of the Earl of Jersey, was her husband. Villiers had spent the 1730s and ‘40s as a diplomat mostly in the German-speaking world (none of his diplomatic papers are included in this offering) and, following his retirement from the diplomatic service, he entered government in the 1760s. As Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (1771-82 and 1783-86), Clarendon was in Cabinet during the American War of Independence (see lots 14-19).

Catalogue Note

"...Independence is the natural inheritance of the Mind of Man..."

A SEEMINGLY UNKNOWN TREATISE ADVISING ON BRITISH POLICY TOWARDS THE AMERICAN COLONIES.

English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations

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London