Lot 198
  • 198

Ai Weiwei

250,000 - 350,000 GBP
bidding is closed


  • Ai Weiwei
  • Surveillance Camera and Plinth
  • marble
  • 117.5 by 52 by 52 cm. 46 1/4 by 20 1/2 by 20 1/2 in.
  • Executed in 2015.


Mary Boone Gallery, New York
Acquired from the above by the present owner


Exh. Cat., London, Royal Academy of Arts, Ai Weiwei, September - December 2015, p. 182, no. 28, illustrated in colour (ed. no. unknown)

Catalogue Note

Ai Weiwei’s Surveillance Camera offers an intriguing commentary on the more sinister technological advancements of the modern world. At once archaic and contemporary, the present work marries the ancient art form of marble carving with the digitalised camera; a symbol of modernity. Rendered in opulent white marble and thus non-functional the camera becomes obsolete, instead existing as an exquisite minimalist sculpture. Seated on a plinth, the mundane is elevated to the realm of high art, espousing a captivating cross-over of disciplines. Commenting on his choice of material, Ai remarks, ‘Marble is of course a very important and rich material in art history. It tends to be the conventional material of monuments. I suppose you could say that the grass, the pushchair, the surveillance cameras are all part of a tradition of antimonuments as well: they’re both monuments and antimonuments at the same time.’ (Ai WeiWei in conversation with Tim Marlow in: Exh. Cat., London, Royal Academy of Arts, Ai Weiwei, September - December 2015, p. 27).

As an appropriative work, Surveillance Camera calls to mind the artistic production of Andy Warhol and his commandeering of pop culture’s visual culture for his own devices. Duchampian in vigor, Ai similarly utilizes the idea of the ready-made to comment on present-day culture. As the artist comments: “Tradition is only a readymade. It’s for us to make a new gesture – to use it as a reference, more as a starting point than conclusion. Of course, there are very different attitudes and interpretations about our past and our memory of it. And ours is never a complete one, but is broken. In China, but also in my practice.” (Ai Weiwei cited in: Larry Warsh, ed., Weiwei-isms, Princeton 2013, p. 80). While the Duchampian ready-made may be evoked in the present work, it’s marble form prohibits direct comparison. Carved by traditional Chinese craftsmen, Surveillance Camera and Plinth speaks to a complex history of craftsmanship in China and its diminished place in the wake of the country's rapid and recent industrial revolution. It is a subject that Ai returns to often within his practice, in many ways, nuancing his Duchampian conceptual framework with specific issues surrounding Chinese artistic traditions.

The concept for Surveillance Camera and Plinth came to fruition after Ai discovered cameras and listening devices in his studio. The present work therefore refers to the artist’s personal experience of detainment and round the clock surveillance. Surveillance Camera and Plinth can therefore be considered in tandem with S.A.C.R.E.D, an installation which exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts in September 2015 as part of Ai’s major solo exhibition. Depicting six scenes from the artist’s eighty one day incarceration, each unit of S.A.C.R.E.D offers dioramas containing half-life size effigies of the artist and his captors, documenting painstaking moments of his captivity in detail. An outspoken critic of the communist regime, Ai was placed under house arrest following the seizing of his passport in April 2011. Held for nearly three months, Ai endured extremely arduous conditions with guards constantly monitoring his activities. Interrogated fifty times, Ai experienced the full weight of governmental intervention and suppression.

It is a testament to Ai’s tenacity and indomitable spirit that he is able to hand his political altercations with the Chinese government with the wit on display in the present work. In then repurposing the camera into an entirely new form, Ai points strongly and unequivocally to the potency and rapidity of the social, economic and political, and artistic changes facing us today. The contemporary ‘Big Brother’ culture in which we reside sees CCTV cameras ever omnipresent in major cities across the world, signifying an increased intrusive handling of the body politic. Further disintegrating the boundaries of public and private space, Ai’s prolific and celebrated socially conscious work is complex and thoughtful, an insignia of defiance and protest.