Lot 21
  • 21

Kulliyat, a miscellany of five works of religious poetry including accounts of the Hajj, Turkey, Ottoman, late 17th century

Estimate
6,000 - 8,000 GBP
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Description

  • ink, watercolour on paper, bound leather
Ottoman Turkish manuscript on paper, 224 leaves plus 4 flyleaves, divided into 3 books, 15-19 lines to the page, written in black ta'liq script in 1 or 2 columns, each book with an illuminated headpiece, the middle book with 17 full-page drawings relating to the Hajj in gouache heightened with gold, including illustrations of Mecca and Medina, reddish-brown morocco binding with gilt-stamped medallions, with flap

Provenance

Ownership inscription of Sayyid Muhammad Efendi Katib, Salonika, Greece, dated 1178 AH/1764-65 AD

Catalogue Note

This interesting Ottoman manuscript comprises five separate works, as follows: I: Khabar-nama; II: Tuhfat va Kalsh; III: Sur-nama; IV: Manasik Haj; V: Tuhfetu’l Haremeyn.

Work II, Tuhfat va Kalsh, gives the date 1082 AH/1671-72 AD, probably that of the composition of the work.

Work V is an account by Yusuf Nabi (1642-1712) of his journey to Mecca and Medina, and he relates how he obtained the permission of the Grand Vizier Mustafa Pasha, according to the chronogram at the end, in 1682-83 and set out from Uskudar in 1678-79, also visiting Konya, Urfa, Aleppo, Damascus, Jerusalem and Cairo (see G. Kut, Supplementary Catalogue of Turkish Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, 2003, pp.216-17, no.303).

The illustrations  in work III, Manasik Hajj, 'The rituals of the pilgrimage', are as follows: I: Suq al-Layl (The Night Market), the birthplace of the Prophet and the Imam ‘Ali; II: Masjid ‘atiq, Old Mosque where the Prophet received the Call; III: Jebel Hira, the site of the Prophet’s first revelation; IV: Cemetery with the tombs of the sharifs, pious and  holy men; V: Jebel Thawr; VI: Jebel ‘Arafat with tents in the outer margins; VII: The site of Muzdalifah between ‘Arafat and Mina ; VIII: The Ka’ba and the surrounding precinct at Mecca; IX: The road between Safa and Marwa; X: Jebel Abu Qubais and the two halves of the moon; Xl: The site of the stoning of the jamarat near Mina; XII Jebel Mifrah between Mecca and Medina; XIII: The sanctuary at Medina with the mosque and tomb of the Prophet; XIV: Cemetery with the tombs of the mothers of the Mu’minin; XV: Jebel Uhud and the shrine of Hamza, the Prophet’s uncle; XVI: Jebel Badr; XVII: The mosques of  ‘Ali, Hasan and Zayn al-Abidin.

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