129
129

ANCIENNE COLLECTION PARTICULIÈRE EUROPÉENNE

Important ensemble de trois statuettes de Bouddhas Bhaishajyaguru, Vairocana et Amitabha en bronze doré Dynastie Ming, XVE siècle
A RARE ENSEMBLE OF THREE GILT-BRONZE FIGURES OF BUDDHA COMPRISING BHAISHAJYAGURU, VAIROCANA AND AMITABHA, MING DYNASTY, 15TH CENTURY
Estimate
200,000300,000
LOT SOLD. 847,500 EUR
JUMP TO LOT
129

ANCIENNE COLLECTION PARTICULIÈRE EUROPÉENNE

Important ensemble de trois statuettes de Bouddhas Bhaishajyaguru, Vairocana et Amitabha en bronze doré Dynastie Ming, XVE siècle
A RARE ENSEMBLE OF THREE GILT-BRONZE FIGURES OF BUDDHA COMPRISING BHAISHAJYAGURU, VAIROCANA AND AMITABHA, MING DYNASTY, 15TH CENTURY
Estimate
200,000300,000
LOT SOLD. 847,500 EUR
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Arts d'Asie / Asian Art

|
Paris

Important ensemble de trois statuettes de Bouddhas Bhaishajyaguru, Vairocana et Amitabha en bronze doré Dynastie Ming, XVE siècle
A RARE ENSEMBLE OF THREE GILT-BRONZE FIGURES OF BUDDHA COMPRISING BHAISHAJYAGURU, VAIROCANA AND AMITABHA, MING DYNASTY, 15TH CENTURY
chacun assis en vajrasana sur une double base lotiforme, le Bouddha Bhaishajyaguru, la main droite en varada mudra présentant la noix d'arura, le Bouddha Vairocana les mains jointes devant la poitrine en abhisekana mudra, et le Bouddha Amitabha les mains en dhyana mudra, les corps drapés de robes monastiques souples aux bordures finement ornés de bandes florales, couvrant les deux épaules et laissant le torse découvert, les visages sereins, aux paupières baissées et aux lèvres charnues légèrement ourlées, la chevelure coiffée de petites boucles retenues en un haut chignon surmonté d'un bijou, non scellées (3)
39, 40 et 39 cm; 15 3/8 , 15 3/4  and 15 3/8  in.
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Catalogue Note

The finely modeled and engraved gilt-bronzes depict three Buddhas displaying the mudras and attributes of Vairocana, Amitabha and Bhaishajyaguru, are cast in the mid-fifteenth century style following the sculptural tradition of the Yongle and Xuande periods, cf. a very similar fifteenth century Buddha of Medicine, Bhaishajyaguru, in the Qing Court Collection, illustrated in Buddhist Statues of Tibet: The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Hong Kong, 2003, p. 235, cat. no. 224. Compare also with a very large gilt-bronze figure of Bhaishajyaguru, dated by inscription to the first year of the Jingtai reign (1450), and published in Gems of Beijing Cultural Relics Series. Buddhist Statues, vol. I., figs. 115 and 116. 

The Bhaishajyaguru and the Buddha with hands in dhyana mudra may be from a set of eight Buddhas making up the circle of Medicine Buddhas in the mandala of Bhaishajyaguru. A Qing period three dimensional depiction of the mandala, now in the State Hermitage, consists of a group of forty-nine bronzes out of the fifty-one deities that make up the mandala, see Marylin M. Rhie and Robert A. F. Thurman, The Sacred Art of Tibet, London, 1991, pp. 338-40.

The slightly larger Buddha with hands in abhisekana mudra, expressing the concept of ultimate reality and wisdom, represents the supreme Transcendental Dhyani Buddha Vairochana, who is portrayed either with this mudra or the dharmachakra mudra, the turning of the Buddhist Wheel of the Law, and either crowned or as an ascetic Buddha like the present example, cf. a fifteenth century crowned Vairocana Buddha sold in Sotheby's Paris, 10th June 2015, lot 39.  Vairocana is considered to be the universal form of Shakyamuni Buddha, and the practices associated with the deity were among the most important in the early development of Tantric Buddhism in Tibet.

Arts d'Asie / Asian Art

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Paris