Born in Rethymnon on the island of Crete, Elias Moskos is considered one of the most important Greek icon painters of the 17th century. The Ottoman conquest of Crete, which began in 1645 and was complete by 1669, forced the majority of icon painters to the leave for the Ionian islands, which shelter off the west coast of the mainland.
Elias Moskos left Crete by 1646 and lived on Zakynthos until his death on 26 January 1687. Current research suggests that all his signed and dated icons were painted there or on neighbouring Kefalonia between 1649 and 1686. Moskos worked in a variety of styles ranging from traditional Byzantine, as demonstrated by the present Anastasis and the monumental Christ Pantocrator, dated 1653, in the Recklinghausen Ikonen Museum in Germany, to the more Italian Mannerist, such as the Annunciation, dated 1675, in the Byzantine Museum, Athens.