A GILT-BRONZE FIGURE DEPICTING A SIX-ARMED YIDAM Tibet, 14th Century
- Height: 8 1/4 inches (21 cm)
Sotheby's New York, 21st March 2002, lot 108.
The yidam also wears elaborate jewelry inlaid with semi-precious stones, and the tantric adornments of the six bone ornaments, which represent the six paramitas or perfections. These textural bone ornaments appear in beaded rows, and also represent the Five Dhyani Buddhas: (1) the crown of the head, symbolizing dhyana or concentration and Buddha Akshobhya; (2) the earrings that symbolize kshanti or patience and the Buddha Amitabha; (3) the necklace that symbolizes dana or generosity and Buddha Ratnasambhava; (4) the armlets and anklets that symbolize shila or discipline and the Buddha Vairocana; (5) the girdle that symbolizes virya or exertion and Buddha Amoghasiddhi; and (6) the crisscrossed torso ornament that symbolizes prajña or wisdom and Buddha Vajradhara.
Compare the lotus petal design with a 14th Century Ushnishavijaya sculpture, see Helmut Uhlig, On the Path to Enlightenment: The Berti Aschmann Foundation of Tibetan Art at the Rietberg Museum, Zürich, 1995, p. 153, cat. no. 98.
Also compare the addorsed leogryph, vase and scrolling rhizome motifs of the tiered base to the base on a 15th Century gilt-bronze figure of Manjushri, see Olaf Czaja and Adriana Proser, Golden Visions of Densatil: A Tibetan Buddhist Monastery, New York, 2014, p. 139, cat. no. 32.