- Émile Bernard
- Portrait de Madame Schuffenecker
- Signed E Bernard (lower left); inscribed à ma petite Georgette en souvenir de son enfance, Amédée Schuffenecker (on the reverse)
- Oil on canvas
Amédée Schuffenecker, France (younger brother of the above)
René Drouet, Paris
M & Mme Samuel Josefowitz, Lausanne (acquired by 1966)
Acquired from the above
Zurich, Kunsthaus, Gauguin et le Groupe Pont-Aven, 1966, no. 101
Mannehim, Stadtische Kunsthalle Mannheim & Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum, Émile Bernard, A Pioneer of Modern Art, no. 57, illustrated p. 201
Montreal, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts & San Diego, San Diego Museum of Fine Art, Gauguin and the School of Pont-Aven, 1994-96, no. 33, illustrated in the catalogue
Wladyslawa Jaworska, Paul Gauguin et l'école de Pont-Aven, Neuchâtel, 1971, illustrated p. 54 (titled Madame Schuffenecker dans son intérior)
Jean-Jacques Luthi, Émile Bernard: Catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre peint, Paris, 1982, no. 136, illustrated p. 27 (incorrectly listed under no. 137)
Indeed, the portraits Bernard executed between the years of 1887-88 share a remarkable mélange of artistic influences. Through his friendship with Van Gogh and Gauguin, Bernard was exposed to Japanese prints relatively early on in his career. The effect of these elegant compositions based on well-defined contours and planes of color is particularly evident in both the present work and two other portraits painted at this time: La Grandmère and Autoportrait avec portrait de Paul Gauguin (see fig. 2), both of which now belong in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.
Bernard’s relationship with the Schuffenecker family dates from his initial meeting with Claude-Émile, at Concarneau in late July 1886. A great friendship developed between the two men and when Schuffenecker’s Bernard proved to be one of most loyal supporters he fell on tougher times during an extended exile from the mainstream of critical artistic acclaim and the breakup of his marriage. Madame Schuffenecker was known to be an attractive but somewhat difficult woman. Relations between the couple appear to have been precarious even at the time the present work was painted as is evidences in Gauguin’s famous portrait of the Schuffenecker family painted shortly after his return from Arles in 1889, just one year after the present work was executed (see fig. 3).