Maimonides [Moses Ben Maimon]
25,000 - 35,000 USD
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- Maimonides [Moses Ben Maimon]
- De Regimine Sanitatis ad Soldanum Babyloniae.
Florence: apud Sanctum Jacobum de Ripoli, [about 1481]
- ink, paper, sheepskin
Chancery quarto (201 × 139 mm). Collation: [a-e8]: 40 leaves, colophon e8r, verso blank.. 26 lines (variable because of copyfitting problems). Type 4:105R. Initial spaces, those in quires a-c with printed guides. Unrubricated. Some foxing, light dampstain. Early marginal notes; light foxing. Nineteenth-century half calf, marbled boards, spine removed, upper cover loose.
Strozzi family, Florence (stamp of 3 addorsed crescents, crowned, with motto EXPECTO) — Abraham Erlanger
Goff M-80; Hain 10525*; BMC VI 623 (IA.27063); BSB-Ink M-30; Klebs 643.1; See A. Bar-Sela, H. E. Hoff and E. Faris, Moses Maimonides’ Two Treatises on the Regimen of Health, Philadelphia, 1964 (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 54 pt. 4). The attribution of the translation to Armengaud Blasius of Montpellier, as in BSB-Ink, rests on a mistaken reference.
First Latin edition. Maimonides’ De regimine sanitatis was written in the 1190s as a private manual of health for the Sultan Al-Afdal, son of Saladin. It was translated from Arabic into Hebrew in 1244 by Moses ibn Tibbon, and this was the source for the Latin version made later in the century by the Jewish convert Johannes de Capua, best known for his Directorium vitae humanae, based on a Hebrew version of the Sanskrit Kalilah and Dimna. It is this Latin version which brought the Maimonides’ Regimen sanitatis to the European Christian world. As printed by the Ripoli press, housed in the Dominican nunnery of Florence under the direction of the convent’s vicar, Fra Domenico, the edition contains also a separate responsum on medical matters that Maimonides wrote for Al-Afdal. About August 1481 the Ripoli press published a Consiglio contra la pestilenza by Marsiglio Ficino (Goff F-153) in the same format, and BMC suggests that the Maimonides Regimen was also a response to the plague outbreak in Florence that summer.