- William Turnbull
- painted steel
Sutton Manor Arts Centre, Sutton Scotney, Winchester (acquired from the above)
London, Tate Gallery, William Turnbull: Sculpture and Painting, 1973, no. 72, illustrated in the catalogue
William Turnbull: Sculpture and Paintings (exhibition catalogue), The Serpentine Gallery, London, 1995, no. 35, illustrated p. 58
Amanda A. Davidson, The Sculpture of William Turnbull, Aldershot, 2005, no. 160, illustrated in colour p. 44
William Turnbull at Chatsworth (exhibition catalogue), Chatsworth House, Bakewell, Derbyshire, 2013, illustrated in colour p. 29
Throughout his long career, Turnbull worked in a variety of different styles which reflected the international face of European modernism whilst utilising a creative vocabulary that was utterly distinctive. Having left the Slade School of Art to live in Paris, Turnbull returned to London in the early 1950s. His breakthrough came in 1952 when Herbert Read selected him to represent Britain at the Venice Biennale, along with Robert Adams, Kenneth Armitage, Reg Butler, Lynn Chadwick, Geoffrey Clarke, Bernard Meadows and Eduardo Paolozzi, in an exhibition entitled New Aspects of British Sculpture.
During the later 1960s, Turnbull became increasingly interested in the ideas of American Minimalist artists such as Donald Judd and Sol LeWitt. Judd in particular advocated the creation of a new form of art which did not conform to the conventional tenets of either sculpture or painting: instead, the primacy of pure form itself was celebrated.