Lot 50
  • 50

Deux calligraphies montées en pages d'un même album, probablement une compétition entre deux grands maîtres, par Mir Emad al-Hassani et Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam, Iran, art safavide, XVIIème siècle

30,000 - 50,000 EUR
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  • par Mir Emad al-Hassani et Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam
  • encre, gouache et or sur papier collé sur une page cartonnée
encre, gouache et or sur papier collé sur une page cartonnée, deux quatrains persans, inscrits en nasta'liq, la page de droite signée dans un écoinçon Mir Khalil, le fond garni de rinceaux floraux dorés, la page de gauche sur un fond richement décoré de rinceaux de palmettes bifides rouges, signée Mir Emad al-Hassani dans un cartouche, les deux dans un encadrement de registres inscrits, séparés par des compartiments enluminés, grandes marges à motifs sinisants, d'un ruban de nuages tchi, sur un fond fleuri or, sceau de possesseur au verso

Catalogue Note

Dr Mehdi Bayani mentioned that at least three persons, Mirza Habib, Mirza Sangelan and Abdul Muhammad Khan, said that when Ibrahim Adil Shah (Padishah of Deccan) sent Mir Khalil to Isfahan as Ambassador Shah 'Abbas heard that he was better calligrapher than Mir 'Emad. The Shah asked 'Ali Reza 'Abbasi, the calligrapher master at the Shah 'Abbas court before Mir Emad, to organise competitions between both calligraphers and decide who is the best (see : M. Bayani, Ahval va-Asar-e Khoshnevisan, vol.I, Tehran, 1988, p. 178). The similar composition's caracteristics and structure combined with the high quality of illuminations of these two panels suggest that they could have been executed for a competition between Mir Emad and Mir Khalil to be submitted to the Shah and Ali Reza 'Abbasi.

Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam, better-known as Mir Khalilullah Shah, was among the leading sayyids of Iraq-i Ajam. He served as court calligrapher and courtier in the palace of Sultan Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II in Bijapur. In 1617, when Sultan Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II compiled his book, Kitab-e-Navras (Book of Nine Rasas), he asked Mir Khalil to transcribe a copy. After its completion, the Sultan was so pleased that he gave Mir Khalil the epithet Padishah-Qalam ('king of the pen') and to show his appreciation symbolically seated him on his throne. Mir Khalil was celebrated by the members of the court, including the viziers of the Imperial council, and taken to his home by court officials. Sultan Ibrahim’s court poets composed chronograms to commemorate the date of this happy event. One of the chronograms, dated AH 1027/1617 AD, reads : Sal-i tarikh-i in khojasta khitab / Shah gardid padishah-qalam ; 'The year of this blessed addressing / the king of the pen became the king' (V. Minorsky, Calligraphers and Painters, 'A treatise by Qadi Ahmad son of Mir Munshi', Washington, 1959, p. 151). An important illuminated manuscript of Nizami's poems executed by Mir Khalil was sold at Sotheby's London, 9 April 2014, lot 60.