Deux calligraphies montées en pages d'un même album, probablement une compétition entre deux grands maîtres, par Mir Emad al-Hassani et Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam, Iran, art safavide, XVIIème siècle
- par Mir Emad al-Hassani et Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam
- encre, gouache et or sur papier collé sur une page cartonnée
Mir Khalil Padishah-Qalam, better-known as Mir Khalilullah Shah, was among the leading sayyids of Iraq-i Ajam. He served as court calligrapher and courtier in the palace of Sultan Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II in Bijapur. In 1617, when Sultan Ibrahim 'Adil Shah II compiled his book, Kitab-e-Navras (Book of Nine Rasas), he asked Mir Khalil to transcribe a copy. After its completion, the Sultan was so pleased that he gave Mir Khalil the epithet Padishah-Qalam ('king of the pen') and to show his appreciation symbolically seated him on his throne. Mir Khalil was celebrated by the members of the court, including the viziers of the Imperial council, and taken to his home by court officials. Sultan Ibrahim’s court poets composed chronograms to commemorate the date of this happy event. One of the chronograms, dated AH 1027/1617 AD, reads : Sal-i tarikh-i in khojasta khitab / Shah gardid padishah-qalam ; 'The year of this blessed addressing / the king of the pen became the king' (V. Minorsky, Calligraphers and Painters, 'A treatise by Qadi Ahmad son of Mir Munshi', Washington, 1959, p. 151). An important illuminated manuscript of Nizami's poems executed by Mir Khalil was sold at Sotheby's London, 9 April 2014, lot 60.