Lot 54
  • 54

Studio of Raphael

Estimate
25,000 - 35,000 USD
Sold
46,875 USD
bidding is closed

Description

  • Raphael
  • Head of a mother and child
  • Brush and bodycolor, with traces of black chalk

Provenance

Possibly Jonathan Richardson, Snr.;
sale, London, Bonham's, 17 November 1965, part of lot 21;
Timothy Clifford,
his sale, London, Sotheby's, 3 July 3 1989, lot 9 (as Studio of Raphael, before 1530)

Exhibited

Kendal, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, 16th and 17th Century Italian Drawings, 1981, no. 7

Literature

C. Hope, The Scuola Nuova Tapestries, M.A. Thesis, Courtauld Institute, London 1968, p. 31;
N. Dacos, "Tommaso Vincidor, un élève de Raphael aux Pays Bas," Études d'Histoire de l'art publiées par L'Institut Historique Belge de Rome, vol. 4, 1980, p. 82;
T. Clifford, Review of "Drawings by Old Masters at Christ Church, Oxford," The Burlington Magazine, January 1983, pp. 33-34, fig. 30

Catalogue Note

This is a fragment of the original cartoon for the tapestry The Massacre of the Innocents, one of the so-called Scuola Nuova series woven for the Vatican.  The exact date of the commission is not known, but it seems likely that the designs were produced, soon after Raphael's death, by his studio under the direction of Giulio Romano.  It is almost impossible to make a more definite attribution, although the names of Penni, Tommaso Vincidor, and others have been proposed.  The tapestries were woven in Brussels, in the workshop of Pieter Coecke van Aelst, between 1524 and 1531.  Other fragments of this cartoon are in the British Museum, Christ Church, Oxford, and other collections.1  Two engravings after the tapestry are known.2  For a discussion of the Scuola Nuova tapestries, see Rome, Vatican, Raffaello in Vaticano, 1984-5, pp. 326-331.

1.  P. Pouncey and J.A. Gere, Italian Drawings...Raphael and His Circle, London 1962, vol. I, pp. 80-81, nos. 137, 138, reproduced vol. II, pl. 111; J. Byam Shaw, Drawings by Old Masters at Christ Church, Oxford, Oxford 1976, vol. I, pp.135-136, no. 457, reproduced vol. II, pl. 249
2.  G.B. Pezzini et al., Raphael Invenit, Rome 1985, p. 139, reproduced p. 587

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