- Verdi, Giuseppe
- La forza del destino, libretto in quattro atti di F.M. Piave, Milan: regio stabilmento nazionale Tito di Gio. Ricordi, 1863 [blind-stamp to title "T.R./ 63/ III"], revised by the composer
"Tutto fec' io per evitar lo scontro..
[deleted line:] Chiusi in un chiostro...E mi
In un chiostro mi chiusi
Così in un chiostro [...]
E mi raggiunse...un insulto...e morì"
Verdi's additions to the present libretto represent an early stage in his revisions. He wrote to Piave on 30 October and 13 November 1863, asking for his ideas as how they could revise the ending, and they set to work using the present interleaved copy of the published libretto, provided by Ricordi. The librettist visited Verdi at St Agata between 16 and 26 November, which is probably when this work was done. (There is another such example of Verdi and Piave working together in this way in 1865, using an interleaved copy of the original Macbeth libretto). The final pages contain a final scene in Piave's hand, including Padre Guardiano's "Non imprecare, umiliati", but otherwise quite different from either the original 1862 libretto or the final La Scala version. Although it is no longer explicit that Don Alvaro leaps to his death, he still breaks away at the end to "lose himself among the precipices". It was only when Ricordi suggested that the opera should be performed in Milan in 1869, that Verdi completed his revision with the help of the librettist Antonio Ghislanzoni.