A Marble Figure of a Sleeping Satyr, Roman Imperial, circa 1st Century A.D.
- A Marble Figure of a Sleeping Satyr
- Length 38 1/2 in. 98 cm.
Villa Casali, Rome, 1870s (recorded there by Friedrich Matz and Franz von Dühn shortly prior to the dispersal of the collection)
Collection of Jacques and Galila Hollander, Belgium, acquired from A. Elvinger, 3 rue Coppens, Brussels, June 9th, 1994
Giuseppe Antonio Guattani, Monumenti inediti, Rome, 1787, p. 56, pl. II (engraving showing the figure with its late 18th-century restorations by Giovanni Battista Grossi)
Comte de Clarac, Musée de sculpture antique et moderne, vol. IV, Paris, 1850, pl. 713, no. 1698
Friedrich Matz and Franz von Dühn, Antike Bildwerke in Rom mit ausschluss der grösseren Sammlungen, vol. 1, Leipzig, 1881, pp. 117-118, no. 446
Salomon Reinach, Répertoire de la statuaire grecque et romaine, vol. 1, Paris, 1906, p. 404, fig. 1
Carlo Pietrangeli, Scavi e scoperte di antichità sotto il pontificato di Pio VI, Rome, 1958, p. 94
Lorenzo Quilici, Forma Italiae, Regio 1 volumen decimum, Rome, 1974, p. 297, ill. on p. 610
Rita Santolini Giordani, Antichità Casali. La collezione di Villa Casali a Roma, Rome, 1989, pp. 101-102, cat. no. 15, pl. III
Anne-Marie Leander Touati, Ancient Sculptures in the Royal Museum: the Eighteenth Century Collection in Stockholm, vol. 1, Stockholm, 1998, pp. 103-105, fig. 37
Ilaria Bignamini and Clare Hornsby, Digging and Dealing in Eighteenth-Century Rome, New Haven and London, 2010, p. 189, note 3
Arachne, nos. 130405 and 302026
G.B. Grossi restored the one visible ear as pointed, most likely as instructed by Cardinal Casali who, as an antiquarian, made deliberate and informed decisions as to the scope and nature of the interventions he commissioned. The statue has been referred to as a satyr ever since. Friedrich Matz, the last scholar who had a chance to examine it in person, agreed with the restoration of the ear as "ganz richtig" (op. cit.).
As is evident now that the statue was de-restored and is again available for study, the ancient core of the statue bears no distinguishable attribute of a satyr. It is not impossible, therefore, that in its original state the figure may have had a human ear and represented instead a mythological character, such as Endymion for example, even though Endymion is usually shown with drapery covering the lower part of his body. Anne-Marie Leander Touati points out some of the close resemblances between the present figure and the over-lifesize statue of Endymion in Stockholm, which, incidentally, was also restored by Grossi (see P. Zanker, Klassizistische Statue, Mainz, 1974, no. 15, pl. 83,5, and Leander Touati, op. cit., no. 1, pl. 1).