- Edward Steichen
- 'WHEELBARROW AND FLOWER POTS' (FRANCE)
- Palladium and ferroprussiate print
- 7 5/8 x 9 5/8 inches
Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, 2002
Paris, Jeu de Paume, Edward Steichen: Lives in Photography, October - December 2007, and traveling to
Lausanne, Musée de l'Elysée, January - March 2008
Reggio Emilia, Palazzo Magnani, April - June 2008
Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, June - September 2008
Samuel M. Kootz, 'Edward J. Steichen,' Creative Art, May 1932, p. 363
Steichen the Photographer (The Museum of Modern Art, 1961), p. 32
Edward Steichen, A Life in Photography (Garden City, 1963), pl. 67
LIFE Library of Photography: The Art of Photography (New York, 1971), p. 49
Steichen—Eduard et Voulangis: The Early Modernist Period, 1915-1923 (Howard Greenberg Gallery, New York, and Lumière Press, Toronto, 2011), p. 25
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Palladium, with its warm reddish tones, is an apt compliment to ferroprussiate, or cyanotype, which renders an image in a deep blue to white tonal range. In the present image, the highlights are rendered primarily in palladium, yielding the appropriate red tones of the clay flower pots. Ferroprussiate is visible mostly in the print’s shadows, although a few cyan accents are visible throughout the image. As is characteristic of Steichen’s meticulous approach to the craft of printing, the balance between the two different processes is masterfully handled.
This print would have required two separate exposures. Steichen may have made a first exposure of the negative on commercially available palladium photographic paper; after processing and drying, he would have then re-sensitized the paper with ferroprussiate emulsion, allowed it to dry, and made a secondary exposure. Steichen’s technical notations, written in his vigorous hand on the reverse of this print’s mount, mention ‘from 2 separation negatives.’ This could indicate that each exposure was handled with a separate negative, each calibrated to the tonality of the emulsion being used. These notations could alternatively represent Steichen’s characteristically specific instructions for reproducing this image in print.