An Egyptian Diorite Head of the Goddess Sekhmet, Thebes, 18th Dynasty, reign of Amenhotep III, 1390-1353 B.C.
- An Egyptian Diorite Head of the Goddess Sekhmet, Thebes
- Height: 14 inches
Jack Josephson Collection, New York (Sotheby's, New York, March 1st and 2nd, 1984, no. 145, illus.)
acquired by the present owner, circa 2001
Cf. A.P. Kozloff, B.M. Bryan, and L.M. Berman, Egypt's Dazzling Sun, Amenhotep III and His World, Cleveland, 1992, no. 34 (The Metropolitan Museum of Art), R. Fazzini, Images for Eternity, Egyptian Art from Berkeley and Brooklyn, Brooklyn, 1975, no. 56 (Berkeley), D. Wildung and G. Grimm, Götter, Pharaonen, Mainz, 1978, no. 31 (Cairo), and J. F. Romano, K. Parlasca, and J. M. Rogers, The Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art, Cairo, 1971, nos. 110 and 111; also compare Sotheby's, New York, May 30th, 1986, no. 63, and December 14th, 1994, no. 30.
See Kozloff, Bryan, and Berman op. cit., Chapter VII, pp. 215-236, "Royal and Divine Images in Animal Form," for a recent discussion of these representations. The authors note "It is important to realize that the New Kingdom Egyptians did not worship animals, but rather personifications of the power associated with them. Quite often gods exhibited threatening aspects requiring apeasement to encourage the benevolent divine nature. A lion is dangerous particularly when hungry or enraged, but also protects its family. The domesticated cat, identified with a number of goddesses, was seen as the propitiated fireside form of the prowling desert lioness."