A pair of large Russian Imperial Neoclassical Kalgan jasper tazze Imperial Lapidary Manufactory Ekaterinburg, dated 1866
- jasper, metal
- height 17 3/4 in.; diameter 16 in.
- 45.5 cm; 41 cm
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Lyutin is undoubtedly a reference to Alexander Ivanovich Lyutin (1814-1884), a designer for and later director of the Imperial Lapidary Manufactory at Ekaterinburg from 1869. In 1866, he probably temporarily served as Director.
The tazze are a very fine example of Russian craftsman and display the artisans' great skill at cutting and polishing rare stones and marbles. The Russians were aided by the discoveries of rich deposits of semi-precious stones in the Urals and further east in Siberia. Towards the end of the 18th century, blocks of Korgon, porphyry, rhodonite, Kalgan and Aushkul jasper and Nevianok marble were quarried and sent to St. Petersburg to be cut and polished into objects.
The Imperial government established the first factory at Peterhof in the late 18th century, probably employing Italian craftsmen. Subsequently, the administration set up further factories at Ekaterinburg and Kolyvan in the Urals where the locally trained stone cutters could work larger pieces of stone. These were active through the third quarter of the 19th century (A. Cheneviere, Russian Furniture: the Golden Age, 1780-1840, New York, 1988, p. 263, fig. 286).