Giuseppe Mazzuoli, who worked in the Roman workshop of Gianlorenzo Bernini, executed four marble statues and some thirty terracottas of Charity. His most celebrated group of this subject was the Charity carved under Bernini's supervision for the Tomb of Pope Alexander VII in Saint Peter's Basilica between 1673 and 1675. The present group relates to his marble on the Pallavicini Monument in S. Francesco a Ripa in Rome, 1713-14, for which a terracotta sketch still exists in the Pinacoteca, Siena.
Also compare Mazzuoli's group, now in the Louvre (Les sculptures européennes du musée du Louvre, Paris, 2006, RF 1671, p. 165), of a seated figure of Charity supported by a half pediment which is a model for the tomb of Ramon Perellos in the church of Saint-Jean de La Valette, Malta.
The finished state of the present terracotta may indicate that it was a presentation model for an altar.
A. E. Brinkmann, Barock-Bozzetti, Frankfurt am Main, vol. II, 1925, no. 88
I. Wardopper, From the Sculptor's Hand: Italian Baroque terracottas from the State Hermitage Museum (exh. cat.), The Art Institute of Chicago, 1998, pp. 102-103
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