Lot 8
  • 8

French, Limoges, second quarter 13th century

50,000 - 70,000 GBP
bidding is closed


  • Crozier head with the Annunciation
  • champlevé enamelled and gilt copper
  • French, Limoges, second quarter 13th century


European nobleman, before 1870,
and thence by descent to the present owner

Catalogue Note

The present crozier head compares closely with four further croziers with the Annunciation dating to the second quarter of the 13th century; see those discovered in the tombs of Archbishop Gerhards II (1219-1258) in Bremen and Bishop Arnold I (1169-1183) in Trier (Taburet-Delahaye and Drake Boehm, op. cit. p. 326), as well as those in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (inv. no. 17.190.835) and published by Marquet de Vasselot (op. cit. no. 73). The group is characterised by a stem with salamander finials, an openwork knop with intertwined animals biting at each other's tail and a ridged arch like many other crozier heads but the elaborate foliate terminations and particularly the flattened modelling and composition of Mary and the angel are rare. The condition of the present crozier head suggests it may also have been buried with the bishop who carried it on his staff.

J. J. Marquet de Vasselot, Les crosses limousines du XIIIe siècle, Paris, 1941, p. 240, no. 73; E. Taburet-Delahaye and B. Drake Boehm, L'oeuvre de Limoges. Emaux limousins du Moyen Age, exhib. cat. Musée du Louvre and Metropolitan Museum of Art, Paris, 1995, p. 326, no. 112; M-M Gauthier, É. Antoine and D. Gaborit-Chopin, Corpus des émaux méridionaux tome ii. L'apogée 1190-1215, Paris, 2011, pp. 184-5, 190-3, 200-1