The origin of the characteristically Scottish `cockpen' chair has led to various suggestions. The most widely accepted of these relates to the village of Cockpen in Midlothian, part of the Dalhousie estate. The family pew of the Earls and Marquesses of Dalhousie in Cockpen church used to contain examples of this form of chair. A derivation of the `Chinese Chippendale' style, the cockpen chair thrived in Scotland during the second half of the 18th century, however, the term appears never to have been used during this period, either in accounts or inventories ( cf. Sebastian Pryke, `Cockpen Quest', Country Life, 29 April 1993, pp.80-81).
A very similar chair possibly by the Scottish firm of Young, Hamilton and Trotter is illustrated in F. Bamford, A Dictionary of Edinburgh Wrights and Furniture Makers 1660-1840, 1983, pl.46.
For comparison, see Sotheby`s London, Important English Furniture, 7th July 2000, lot 94, a set of six chairs sold for £35,000.
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