Two bifolia from a large lectionary manuscript, in Latin, on vellum [Germany, c.1000]
These leaves are from a large and fine Ottonian manuscript, presumably used for public reading in a monastic community. The original dimensions of each leaf were approximately 260mm. by 320mm., and the large initials with their flourishes, foliate terminals and decorated panels closely compare to those of a tenth-century Psalter, now in Stuttgart Landsbibliothek (cf. H. Ehl, Anfänge der Deutschen Illustration im IX. Und X. Jahrhundert, 1925, pl.5) and other manuscripts of a generation before (R. Nolden, 'Über Fragmente karolingischer Biblen', Karolingische Beda-Handschrift aus St. Maximin, 1990, pp.35-41, esp. p.36).
The leaves contains readings for the first Sunday after Advent, the twenty-first Sunday after Pentecost, the Feast of All Saints and St. Caesarius the martyr (both 1 November) and the twenty-fourth Sunday after Pentecost, with instructions in the rubrics as to whether the section is to be said in a low voice by the reader ("Super oblatam") or sung by him towards the rest of the community ("Super populum").