The composition of this carving can be found throughout Netherlandish and German 15th and 16th-century art. The exact origin of the design is unknown, but its dissemination was aided by prints, such as the Crowning from Martin Schongauer's Passion series from circa 1450, and influential altarpieces like Hans Holbein the Elder's Grey Passion (1495). A sculpted example can be found in St. Chad's Cathedral, Birmingham which was cautiously attributed to the Cologne area by Woods (op.cit.) . In contrast to the St. Chad's carving, the present group has a stippled ground, typical of Netherlandish late Gothic wood sculpture. A Flagellation from the Rijksmuseum (inv. no. R.B.K. 15608), associated with early 16th-century Antwerp painting by Leeuwenberg (op.cit.), is similarly organised and compares well to the expressive poses and contorted faces of the figures surrounding Christ.
Bartsch 13 (125); J. Leeuwenberg and W. Halsema-Kubes, Beeldhouwkunst in het Rijksmuseum, Den Haag/ Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 141-42, no. 157; K. Woods, Imported Images. Netherlandish late gothic sculpture in England c. 1400-c.1550, Donington, 2007, pp. 285-87
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