PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE COLLECTION, PENNSYLVANIA
Major General Robert Monckton led the capture of the Caribbean island of Martinique in January of 1762 during the Seven Years War. Martinique was an important French sugar colony which had resisted attack three years prior when the British had captured the nearby French sugar colony of Guadeloupe. The attack was fought on steep and uneven terrain, culminating at the high ground of Morne Grenier. A pivotal position in the battle, the British armies overtook the hill and secured firing positions over the French fort, forcing the French to surrender at Fort Royal on February 4th. This victory proved Monckton's skill as a leader, defeating the French forces in a matter of weeks.
The battle proved a significant victory for the British, helping to end France's position as a major colonial power in the Americas.
Francis Swaine painted this picture for General Monckton shortly after the capture of Martinique.
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