Jacques Caffieri (1678-1755) was a sculptor in bronze whose father had entered service as a decorative sculptor for Louis XIV in 1660. Jacques became maitre fondeur-ciseleur in 1714 and in 1736 was attached to the Batiments du Roi as fondeur-ciseleur. At this time, the arts of patinating and gilding bronze were kept separate but in 1740 his wife purchased a Royal privilege allowing Cafieri to produce patinated and gilt bronze in the same workshop.
Julian Le Roy (1686-1759), an important clockmaker, became maitre in 1713 and in 1739 was made Horloger du Roi at the Louvre. His name has been associated with many of the great bronziers of the 18th Century including St Germain, Osmond and Caffieri.
This is example is exceptionally rare in being a combination of ormolu and patinated bronze and it is interesting that Caffieri was permitted to produce both products. The Chevalier de Bethune escapement of this clock was often used by Le Roy.
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