Hans Ottomeyer/Peter Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, Munich, 1986, Vol. I, page 276, fig. 4.11.14.
Christian Baulez, La Folie d`Artois, Paris, 1988, page 143.
Pierre Verlet, Les Bronzes dorés français du XVIIIe siècle, France, 1987, page 313, ill. fig. 345.
The design of the present pair of chenets is based closely on Louis XVI examples known to have been made either by Pierre Gouthière or Quentin-Claude Pitoin.
Pierre Gouthière (1732-1813/14) was the most famous ciseleur-doreur of the Louis XVI period. He became a maître doreur and carried out gilding for François-Thomas Germain, one of the most celebrated orfèvres of his era. Gouthière also undertook a considerable amount of work for Madame du Barry especially for her Pavilion de Louveciennes and amongst his principal patrons were the duc d`Aumont and his daughter, the duchesse du Mazarin and also the Comte d`Artois, later Charles X, for whom he made the chimney mounts and other bronzes d`ameublement for the Château de Bagatelle. The Château de Bagatelle contained some versions of the present lot which have been thought to be by Gouthière.
A further pair of 18th century chenets the design of which is closely related to the present lot, was a pair attributed to Gouthière at the Joseph Duruey sale on 18th March 1794.
Quentin-Claude Pitoin was a fondeur-doreur who became a mâitre in 1752 is also known to have supplied chenets similar to the present model for the petit-appartement of Marie-Antoinette at Versailles and also for her cabinet des Tuileries and also for the cabinet of Madame Elizabeth also at Versailles.
There are several period examples of this celebrated model in international museums, with minor variations, including a pair in the Museum of Cleveland (which belonged to Sir Richard Wallace) with a blue-coloured frieze.
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