Christ crowning All Saints, historiated initial on a cutting from an illuminated manuscript Gradual, on vellum
- Illuminated miniature on vellum
From the collection of Robert Forrer (1866-1947).
This handsome initial was painted in the circle of Johannes von Valkenburg, who is recorded as a scribe and illuminator in the Franciscan friary of Cologne c. 1299. It is almost certainly from the same manuscript as a second cutting in the Forrer Collection (Unedirte Mittelalter Miniaturen, 1907, xliii), and both are probably from the Gradual of the Franciscan convent of St. Clare, founded in Cologne in 1304. Other fragments of this dispersed volume are now in Washington (Nordenfalk, Medieval & Renaissance Miniatures from the National Gallery of Art, 1975, no.36); Cologne, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Graphische Sammlung, cods. 64, 67-71 (Weigelt, 'Rheinsche Miniaturen', Wallraf-Richartz Jahrbuch 1, 1924); and a fragment sold in our rooms, 11 July 1978, lot 8.