Lot 128
  • 128

A Kashan Pictorial Silk Rug 1850's

Estimate
20,000 - 30,000 USD
Sold
22,500 USD
bidding is closed

Description

depicting King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba and appropriately titled in Hebrew (1 Kings 10), below six panels enclosing opposing animals flanked by niches containing flowering vases, the main border composed of twenty nine panels depicting biblical events and places

Exhibited

London, The Jewish Museum, n.d.

Literature

Anton Felton, Jewish Carpets, Suffolk, 1997, no. 1 pp. 58-60 (illustrated)
Ross Dunn, A World History, McDougal, Little & Co., 1988, p. 71
Werner Daum, Die Konigin Von Saba, Belser Verlag, 1988, p. 121
Abba Eban, Heritage, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1984, p. 43
"Splendours of the Past", National Geographic, 1981, p. 90
The Jewish World, ed. Elie Kedourie, Thames and Hudson, 1979, pp. 85, 156, 157

Catalogue Note

This charming carpet, created as religious wall-hanging meant to convey Judaism's basic ideologies, is the earliest dated carpet in the Anton Felton collection. Created in the nineteenth century, it depicts the legendary visit of the Queen of Sheba to Solomon to test his legendary wisdom, as described in I Kings 10: "And when the Queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, and what he had done in the name of the Lord, she came to prove him with riddles"(Kings 10:1).

This biblical story, only briefly mentioned in here and in Chronicles has nevertheless had an impact on the imagination of artists in Jewish, Islamic, Christian, and Ethiopian traditions throughout the ages. From the 12th century onward,  Solomon and Sheba often appeared as a pair and among the masters who depicted the two are found Tintoretto, Rubens, Bosch, and Claude Lorrain.

Twenty-nine detailed panels on the carpet enclose Solomon and  Queen Sheba to recount the early history of the Jewish people. Symbols of the twelve tribes are depicted and titled, along with significant Judaic events and venues. These vignettes include those featuring two important synagogues in Jerusalem's Old City; the burial place of the Patriarchs in Hebron; the sacrifice of Isaac;  Pharoah's daughter discovering Moses, and the Western Wall of Solomon's Temple.

The asymmetrical elements shown, such as the columns surrounding  the six steps and the frame encircling King Solomon and Queen of Sheba are the weaver's intentional devices, meant to emphasize the belief that only God can create something perfect.

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