# - Disraeli, Benjamin--Pellegrini, Carlo.
- Preparatory sketches for Carlo Pellegrini's caricature of Disraeli, the first to appear in 'vanity fair'
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the earliest known 'vanity fair' images by pellegrini ("ape"), who was acclaimed by max beerbohm as "by far the best caricaturist who lived within our time".
One of the three drawings on the reverse (on the right) directly relates to Pellegrini's finished portrait of Disraeli now in the National Portrait Gallery (NPG 6659). This portrait, commissioned by the newspaper proprietor Thomas Gibson Bowles for his new society magazine, and captioned "He Educated the Tories", was published on 30 January 1869 as the first 'vanity fair' caricature. Pellegrini's caricature of Gladstone was to appear in the February issue. Both portraits were crucial to the immediate success of the magazine and to Pellegrini's reputation as one of London's leading caricaturists: "...Ape's caricatures were maximum likenesses, that is to say they represented not only what he saw but also what he knew. Most of them today look as though they were probably more like the persons they depict than were these persons themselves" (David Low, British Cartoonists, caricaturists and comic artists, 1942, p.33).