a fine example of this attractive woodcut map, and one of the last great pre-columbian views of the world.
The map shows the traditional world surrounded by a dozen windheads and with Noah's three sons, Ham, Shem and Japhet appearing in one of the corners. On the left-hand side is a column of extraordinary creatures thought to inhabit the remoter parts of the world in Asia and Africa - images such as a centaur, a four-eyed man, a dog-headed man and, on the verso, werewolves, the Cyclops, and bald, bearded women.
While Ptolemaic in derivation, the map is updated to show recent Portuguese discoveries in the Gulf of Guinea. Although Columbus had actually returned for his first voyage some four months before the Nuremberg Chronicle was published, considering Spanish secrecy regarding his discoveries and the speed of communications at the time, it is not surprising that there is no evidence of this here.
This map, combining the remnants of classical geography with contemporary knowledge, and its appearance at this time of such momentous discoveries, gives it a claim to be one of the last maps genuinely to represent the Medieval world view.
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