161
161
# - Sa'oudi, Muhammad 'Ali Effendi.
A FINE COLLECTION OF RARE EARLY PHOTOGRAPHS AND NEGATIVES OF MAKKAH AND MADINAH (1904 AND 1908), TOGETHER WITH RELATED PUBLICATIONS.
Estimate
40,00060,000
LOT SOLD. 180,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
161
# - Sa'oudi, Muhammad 'Ali Effendi.
A FINE COLLECTION OF RARE EARLY PHOTOGRAPHS AND NEGATIVES OF MAKKAH AND MADINAH (1904 AND 1908), TOGETHER WITH RELATED PUBLICATIONS.
Estimate
40,00060,000
LOT SOLD. 180,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Travel, Natural History, Maps & Atlases

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# - Sa'oudi, Muhammad 'Ali Effendi.
A FINE COLLECTION OF RARE EARLY PHOTOGRAPHS AND NEGATIVES OF MAKKAH AND MADINAH (1904 AND 1908), TOGETHER WITH RELATED PUBLICATIONS.

photograph album, comprising 112 fine photographs on 50 sheets, including many views of Makkah and Madinah, tissue guards, modern green cloth, upper cover with a photograph of Sa'oudi mounted (a full list of the photographs in this album is available from the Book Department on request)

2 boxes of glass slides, containing a total of 29 slides (60 x 130mm.), 18 featuring images of Makkah and its surroundings and 11 of Madinah, together with a modern album containing a complete set of prints of the slides, bound in green cloth

40 stereoscopic photographs, mounted on card (each approx. 75 x 150mm.), 10 of Makkah and its surroundings and 30 of Madinah,  preserved in a modern green cloth box

ica victrix camera (Germany: Dresden, ?1920s), which belonged to M.A. Sa'oudi

rif'at pasha, ibrahim. Mir'at Al Haramayn Aw Al Rihlat Al Hijaziyya. (Cairo, 1925), first edition, 2 volumes, 8vo (514pp. and 369pp.), 557 photographic and other illustrations, a detailed description of the author's four journeys to Makkah and Madinah between 1901 and 1908. In 1904 and 1908 he was accompanied by Sa'oudi who certainly took the photographs labelled figures 39, 54,141, 145, 146, [162], [174], 201, 240 and 289 in the book, and who may have taken twenty others in which Rif'at appears but Sa'oudi does not. There is a studio portrait of Sa'oudi on p.321 of volume 2, and he appears in eight other photographs in the book, one volume in original red cloth, the other volume recased, retaining original sides, preserved in modern crimson cloth slipcase with morocco label, bindings slightly rubbed

hafez, 'ali bek. Al Islahat Al Lazimat Li Marafeq Al Harmanyn Al Sharifayn. (Cairo: privately printed, 1941), [The necessary works of renovation to the infrastructure of the "Sherifian Harams"]. The Engineering Civil Society, Faculty of Engineering. 32pp., presentation copy, inscribed by the author to muhammed 'ali sa'oudi, with a pencil annotation by sa'oudi on the cover and title, stating "many of the photographs are mine", one folding map of the Hejaz routes by Ibrahim Rif'at Pasha when commander of the Mahmal in 1900,  and Emir Al Hajj in 1903, 1904 and 1908, 3 plans of Makkah and Madinah, and the pilgrims' routes and 5 photographic illustrations, loosely inserted is a cutting from Al Ahram newspaper of Al Sharif 'Ali Abdallah Pasha's obituary. He was father of Al Sharif Al Hassan and Al Hussein and the uncle of His Highness Al Amir Adallah, Amir of East Jordan, original printed wrappers, preserved in a fitted green cloth box, some stains, wrapper with slight wear

This pamphlet is a warning about the growing urbanisation due to the increasing number of pilgrims in the region and how one should deal with making the infrastructure meet the demands of more pilgrims, such as maintaining roads, developing new water, sewage and electricity systems, the enlargement of the ports at Jeddah and Yanbo, and flood defences against heavy rain, while respecting the architectural heritage of the sites.

shehata, riyad. Al Tasweer wal Hafr. Cairo, 1924, 8vo, 226pp., modern green cloth, red morocco label on spine, original printed wrappers bound in, [a manual on photography; Shehata was court photographer during the reign of King Farouk; 2 photographs by Shehata are included in a separate lot in this sale (lot********) depicting King Farouk and his family and the other of the Egyptian explorer Ahmed Hassanein Bey with various Egyptian officials], upper wrapper torn and repaired, wrappers strengthened


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Literature

Facey, W. and G. Grant. Saudi Arabia by the first photographers (London, 1996); Facey, W. and G. Grant. Al Tourath (2nd ed., 1996); El-Hage, Badr. Images from the past: Saudi Arabia (London, 1989); Al Makki, M. T. al Kordi. Al Tarikh Al Kaweem Li Makkah wa Beit Allah Al Karim (Beirut, 2000); King Fahd National Library. Historic Pictures of Saudi Arabia: an index (Riyadh, 1999)

Catalogue Note

Muhammad 'Ali Effendi Sa'oudi (1865-1955) was attached to the Ministry of Justice in Cairo and specialised in the identification of forged documents. His enthusiasm for photography was useful in his vocation, but found its most lasting expression in the collection of photographs taken on the pilgrimages on which he was accompanying General Ibrahim Rif'at Pasha, whose well-known and lavishly illustrated account of these journeys was published in 1925.

The collection is extraordinarily wide-ranging, with iconic images of the Al-Haram Mosque in Makkah, including internal shots, together with views of the Ka'ba, Zam Zam, and the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah. There are also records of archaeological sites and intimate photographs of groups and individuals, including several shots of the nine year old Al-Rashid who was to be tenth Emir from 1910 until his assassination in 1920.

Although General Rif'at Pasha, largely due to his book Mir'at Al Haramayn, has the reputation as perhaps the most familiar photographer of the Holy Cities and sites of his age, this archive advances the claims of his lesser-known travelling companion. For whenever we have a photograph of the same scene from similar angles in the current collection as one that appears in Mir'at Al Haramayn, it is Sa'oudi's version that is consistently superior both technically and aesthetically. Thus Muhammad 'Ali Effendi Sa'oudi, whose own photographs, it is now revealed, went before the public some six years before the General's, emerges from the shadows as a man who brought the natural and architectural splendour of the future Saudi Arabia to a wider audience just as the Kingdom was reaching pre-eminence.

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