142
142
# - Hassanein Bey, Ahmed Mohammed. 
AN IMPORTANT COLLECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, NEGATIVES, PUBLICATIONS AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES RELATING TO THE EGYPTIAN EXPLORER'S TRAVELS AND DISCOVERIES IN THE LIBYAN DESERT AND AS ADVISOR TO KING FUAD I AND KING FAROUK.
Estimate
25,00035,000
LOT SOLD. 24,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT
142
# - Hassanein Bey, Ahmed Mohammed. 
AN IMPORTANT COLLECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, NEGATIVES, PUBLICATIONS AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES RELATING TO THE EGYPTIAN EXPLORER'S TRAVELS AND DISCOVERIES IN THE LIBYAN DESERT AND AS ADVISOR TO KING FUAD I AND KING FAROUK.
Estimate
25,00035,000
LOT SOLD. 24,500 GBP
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Travel, Natural History, Maps & Atlases

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London

# - Hassanein Bey, Ahmed Mohammed. 
AN IMPORTANT COLLECTION OF PHOTOGRAPHS, NEGATIVES, PUBLICATIONS AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES RELATING TO THE EGYPTIAN EXPLORER'S TRAVELS AND DISCOVERIES IN THE LIBYAN DESERT AND AS ADVISOR TO KING FUAD I AND KING FAROUK.

1) photograph album, including photographs by hassenein bey taken on his desert travels, folio (300 x 290mm.), 52 original photographs on 51 leaves (each approx. 135 x 85mm.), mounted, modern light brown cloth, upper cover with a copy of a photograph from the album of Hassanein Bey posing in front of his tent

"In order to make the report of what I found and saw as vivid and truthful as possible I took five cameras. Three of them were Kodaks, which functioned perfectly to the end; one a more elaborate instrument with a focal-plane shutter, which was ruined by the penetrating sand, and the last a cinema machine. For all the cameras I carried Eastman Kodak Films, which were packed with elaborate care, first in air-tight tins, then in tin cases, sawdust filled, and finally in wooden boxes. These precautions in packing proved to be none too great, in view of the intense heat... For the cinema camera I took 9,000 feet of film." (The Lost Oases, p.44)

2) manuscript expenses of the Kufra-Uweinat (Ouenat) expedition or Sollum to El Obeid expedition, 1922-1923, comprising 15 detailed manuscript batches of expenses in arabic, mostly in hassanein bey's hand, with one other page in English in another hand, together with receipts, for the purchase of camels, water skins, arms and ammunition, hotel accommodation, transport, clothing, scientific instruments, medical goods, photographic equipment, money paid to various Arab Sheiks, food, gifts and presents, salaries to various members of the expedition and emissaries, tents and cooking utensils; each sheet of paper with the Egyptian Government watermark, preserved within acid free envelopes within a modern light brown cloth portfolio

3) Hassanein Bey,  A.M. The Lost Oases... introduction by Sir Rennell Rodd. London: Thornton Butterworth Ltd., 1925, first edition, presentation copy, 8vo, inscribed by the author to Philip O'Farrell, photographic frontispiece of the author, map, photographic plates and illustrations, publisher's green cloth, bookplate of Philip O'Farrell, a little light spotting, slightly rubbed; together with a copy of the first Arabic edition, which includes an introduction by Ahmad Lutfi Al-Sayed, Rector of Cairo University (1923-1941)

4) [Ibid.] Crossing the untraversed Libyan Desert. The Record of a 2,200 mile Journey of Exploration which Resulted in the Discovery of Two Oases of Strategic Importance on the South-western Frontier of Egypt. With illustrations from Photographs by the Author. [extracted from the National Geographic Magazine, Vol. XLVI, No 3 , September 1924. pp 233 -277], first edition, 8vo (242 x 158mm.), photographic illustrations, modern light brown cloth

5) Forbes, Rosita. Across the Libyan desert to Kufara [extracted from the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society]. London: Royal Geographical Society, 1921, first edition, 8vo, folding map, modern blue wrappers, final text leaf in facsimile

6) Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Private documents. No 1, 1926. Al Houdoud Al Gharbeyah Li Masr. [The Western Frontiers of Egypt, the Italian Egyptian Treaty, 6th of December 1925]. Cairo: Government Press, 1926, 8vo,  Arabic text, 3 folding maps showing old and new frontiers following the treaty, with upper green wrapper only, lacking lower wrapper

7) Geological Survey of Egypt. Views of typical Desert scenery in Egypt... Presented to the International Geographical Congress at Paris 1931, by command of His Majesty King Fuad I. Giza: Survey of Egypt, 1931, first edition, oblong folio (365 x 500mm.), title printed in red and black, 34 numbered plates of photographic views, many with 4 or more views to a plate, including 3 views on plate 5 after photographs by Hassanein Bey, modern brown half morocco over faux snakeskin boards, title and text slightly worn and soiled with some loss to text, final 2 plates frayed at edges with small loss

8) Bulletin de la Société Royale de Géographie d'Égypte. Précis of the speech made by H. Sadek Pasha, Vice President of the Royal Geographical Society of Egypt in the ceremony that was held at the Royal Opera House on 31st. March 1946 in honour of the memory of H.E. The late Ahmed Hassanein Pasha. [extract from volume XXI]. Cairo: Société Royale de Géographie d'Égypte, 1941, 8vo, text in Arabic and English, with 2 full-page photographic portraits of Hassanein Bey, modern red morocco-backed marbled boards

9. Rohlfs, Gerhard. Drei Monate in der libyschen Wüste. Cassel: Verlag von Theodor Fisher, 1875 [but 1996], 8vo, facsimile of the first edition, many photographic and other illustrations, ["no outsider had penetrated as far as Kufra other than the German Gerhard Rohlfs in 1873, who was nearly killed in the attempt and had all his instruments and scientific records destroyed", The Lost Oases, p.31]

10) Rohlfs, Gerhard--Langner, Rainer K. Sir Al Sahara' Al Kobra, Iktifa' Athar Bahes Al Sahara' Gerhard Rohfls. [translated by] Dr Sayed Ahmed Fathallah Abou Zeid, [revised by] Dr Mohammed Soliman Badr. Cairo, 2005, 8vo, first Arabic edition of "Das Geheimis der grisse Wüste auf den Spuren des Saharaforschers Gerhard Rohlfs" (Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer, 2004), original printed wrappers

11) El-Ghazouly, Mohammed, court photographer to King Fuad I and King Farouk of Egypt, and other photographers. a collection of original glass and celluloid negatives, depicting King Farouk, his family and court, including Hassanein Bey:

a) 28 original negatives, comprising: 6 glass and one celluloid (approx. 180 x 235mm, or the reverse), in original Kodak box; one glass (approx. 95 x 145mm.); 6 glass and 12 celluloid (approx. 62 x 90mm, or the reverse); 2 celluloid (60 x 55mm., or the reverse); preserved in modern green boxes (a detailed list is available on request from the Book Department)

b) 6 original photographs by various photographers of King Farouk, the royal court and Hassanein Bey and one print after a sketch of Hassanein Bey, preserved in a modern black cloth portfolio

c) photograph album, oblong 4to (205 x 292mm.), 34 modern prints taken from the original 28 negatives and 6 photographs above, modern green cloth, upper cover lettered in gilt

12) newspaper cuttings:

a) British Press articles relating to Britain and Egypt, June 15, 1927 to July 23, 1927, covering the visit of King Fuad I to Britain accompanied by Hassanein Bey; 71pp., folio (420 x 305mm.), contemporary green cloth, upper cover lettered in gilt 'Newspaper Cuttings', some cuttings loosely inserted, binding rebacked and re-cornered, modern endpapers

b) Egyptian and other Press articles, in Arabic, French, English and Greek, 1943-1944, mostly relating to Hassanein Bey's public duties with King Farouk. 204pp., folio (340 x 260mm.), contemporary brown cloth ring binder

Both volumes preserved in a modern green box, together with a reproduction from one of the newspaper cuttings, of a caricature of Hassanein Bey in the shape of an Egyptian Sphinx with commentary in Arabic pasted on the inside cover


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Literature

Berg, Robert. Searching for Zerzura (Saudi Aramco World, November/December 2002, pp.32-39); Haag, Michael. Introduction to the new edition of The Lost Oases (Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 2006); Rogerson, Barnaby. Ahmad Mohamed Hassanein Bey: Explorer in Egypt and Libya and Royal Chamberlain, 1920s and 1930s (paper presented to the ASTENE conference, Edinburgh, 11 July 2001); http://www.fjexpeditions.com/frameset/history.htm

Catalogue Note

Ahmed Hassanein Bey (1889-1946) was an eminent Egyptian diplomat, explorer, photographer and royal adviser. A graduate of Oxford University and an Olympic fencer, he was best known for his explorations in the Libyan Desert in the 1920s and his discovery of the Gilf Kebir and Uweinat oases.

In 1920-21 Hassanein Bey travelled with Rosita Forbes (1890-1967), across the Libyan desert to the oasis of Kufra. Only one European expedition, that of Gerhard Rohlfs in 1879, had previously visited Kufra. Forbes in her book The Secret of the Sahara: Kufara (1921), represented herself as the sole organiser of the expedition and "decidedly underplayed her companion's share in the expedition and gave rise to resentments which long persisted." (ODNB) Following this first journey, Hassanein organised a further expedition in 1923, which is summarised in Michael Haag's introduction to the 2006 edition of The Lost Oases:

"[Hassanein's] perilous eight-month journey in 1923 took him around the western edges of the Great Sand Sea to El Obeid in the Sudan, a distance of 2,200 miles, and led him to the discovery of the lost oases of Arkenu and Uweinat at the extreme southwest corner of Egypt. At Uweinat, Hassanein was amazed to find rock drawings of animals, including lions, giraffes, ostriches, and gazelles. He was deep in the trackless desert, but what he had found was evidence of a flourishing human existence ten thousand years ago, and proof that the Sahara was once green. Hassanein's discovery excited the imaginations of later European explorers such as Ralph Bagnold and Ladislaus Almásy, the model for the eponymous character in The English Patient. But Hassanein was there first, travelling by camel with Bedouin guides, encountering the mysterious Senussi brotherhood in Libya, and confirming the existence of the long-forgotten oases." (M. Haag)

Following his adventures and discoveries Hassanein was offered substantial money to lecture in America, where the press called him Egypt's Lawrence of Arabia. This was not however the end of Hassanein's adventures, in 1930 he attempted to become the first person to fly solo from Europe to Egypt, but he crashed on landing at Pisa, and his two replacement planes were also involved in crashes. After hearing of this latest accident, King Fuad requested Hassanein to return immediately to Cairo.

After the death of King Fuad in 1936, Hassanein was appointed governor of the royal household. In 1937 Hassanein divorced his wife of twelve years, Loutfia Yusri, and secretly married King Fuad's widow, Queen Nazli. Hassanein became an important advisor to the young King Farouk until Hassanein's untimely death in a car crash in 1946.

Travel, Natural History, Maps & Atlases

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