It is rare to find jade figural carvings of this quality and impressive size, although a very similar carved figure of a luohan in the Qing court collection, is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum. Jadeware (III), Hong Kong, 1995, no. 108. Compare also a slightly smaller jade carving of Shoulao, illustrated in Stanley Charles Nott, A Catalogue of Rare Chinese Jade Carvings, Palm Beach, 1940, no. 4; and a related jade luohan in the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated in Zhongguo yuqi quanji, Hebei, 2005, no. 335, p. 630.