In August of 29BC, following his victory at Actium the previous year, Augustus was granted the title of 'Imperator,' and he ordered the doors of the Temple of Janus to be closed. Only twice before in Roman history had this been done; their closing signified that the Empire was at peace. The event is commemorated in the coin reproduced on the cover of the case of this lot, the inscription of which reads PACE PR TERRA MARIQ PARTA IANVM CLVSIT, or 'The Peace of the Roman People having been established on land and sea, he closed [the Temple of] Janus.'
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