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George Romney
Dalton 1734 - 1802 Kendal
DALTON 1734 - 1802 KENDAL
PORTRAIT OF ANNE, DUCHESS OF CUMBERLAND (1742/43-1808)
three-quarter length, seated on a terrace with a book, wearing a light blue dress
oil on canvas
55 1/2 by 46 1/8 in.; 141 by 117.1 cm.
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Provenance

Anne Luttrell Horton, Duchess of Cumberland (1742-1808), commissioned from the artist 1788/89;
Probably thence by inheritance to her second cousin, Sarah Lawley;
Probably thence by inheritance to her brother, Paul Beilby Lawley-Thompson;
Probably Paul Beilby Lawley-Thompson, 1st Baron Wenlock (1784-1852), of Escrick Park, Yorkshire;
Probably thence by inheritance to Beilby Richard Lawley, circa 1852;
Beilby Richard Lawley, 2nd Baron Wenlock (1818-1880), Escrick Park, Yorkshire (where first recorded in 1867);
Thence by inheritance to his son, Beilby Lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock (1849-1912), Escrick Park, Yorkshire;
With Arthur J. Sulley & Co., London, 1911;
With M. Knoedler & Co., London, by whom sold to Elbert H. Gary, 1911;
Judge Elbert H. Gary (1846-1927), New York;
His sale, New York, American Art Association, April 20, 1920, lot 36, to Henry Walters;
Henry Walters (1848-1931), Baltimore, Maryland;
Thence by inheritance to his wife, Mrs. Henry Walters, 1931;
Her sale, New York, Parke-Bernet, April 30, 1941, lot 986, where purchased by J. Paul Getty;
J. Paul Getty, Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, by whom donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum in 1967, no. 67.PA.3.

Literature

Rev. J. Romney, Memoirs of the Life and Work of George Romney, London 1830, p. 199;
Handbook for Travellers in Yorkshire, London 1867, pp. 72-73;
G. Paston, George Romney, London 1903, pp. 108, 193;
T.H. Ward, W. Roberts, Romney: A biogrpahical and critical essay..., vol. II, London 1904, p. 37;
American Art Annual, vol. XXV, 1928, p. 461;
J.P. Getty, E. Le Vane, Collector's Choice: A Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey Through Europe, London 1955, p. 162;
J.P. Getty, The Joys of Collecting, New York 1965, p. 130, reproduced p. 131;
Auction, New York 1969, June 1969, p. 11, reproduced p. 10;
B.B. Fredericksen, Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Malibu 1972, p. 101; 
D. Jaffé, Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, 1997, p. 108, reproduced.

Catalogue Note

Daughter of Simon Luttrell, the sitter first married Christopher Horton of Catton Hall, Derbyshire in 1765. She caused a great scandal, however, when widowed for just two years, she married Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland, and brother of George III, in 1771. The scandal caused George III to pass the Royal Marriage Act in 1772 which henceforth required consent of the Sovereign for all future royal marriages. After the Duke died in 1790 Anne retired to Switzerland where she died in 1808.

The Duchess sat to Romney in 1788-89 and, according to the artist's precise diary entries, she had eight appointments; six between April 15 and June 21, 1788 and two further the following year. Romney received payment of 50 guineas on April 4, 1789.

Important Old Master Paintings and European Works of Art

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New York