66
66
# - War of the Grand Alliance.
COLLECTION OF CORRESPONDENCE AND MILITARY DOCUMENTS RELATING TO OPERATIONS OF THE ARMY OF THE GRAND ALLIANCE IN 1693, MANY ITEMS ADDRESSED TO GENERAL ADAM HEINRICH VON STEINAU 
Estimate
8,00010,000
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66
# - War of the Grand Alliance.
COLLECTION OF CORRESPONDENCE AND MILITARY DOCUMENTS RELATING TO OPERATIONS OF THE ARMY OF THE GRAND ALLIANCE IN 1693, MANY ITEMS ADDRESSED TO GENERAL ADAM HEINRICH VON STEINAU 
Estimate
8,00010,000
JUMP TO LOT

Details & Cataloguing

Continental Books, Manuscripts and Science

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London

# - War of the Grand Alliance.
COLLECTION OF CORRESPONDENCE AND MILITARY DOCUMENTS RELATING TO OPERATIONS OF THE ARMY OF THE GRAND ALLIANCE IN 1693, MANY ITEMS ADDRESSED TO GENERAL ADAM HEINRICH VON STEINAU 

comprising in excess of 150 individual letters and manuscript documents, and including: 15 letters signed by General von Thüngen ("HK von Thüngen") to General Steinau, 10 letters signed by Baron von der Leyen ("Von der Leyen zur Sostig") to General Steinau, 4 apparently autograph letters by General Gallenfels to General Steinau, 29 camp reports ("Continuatio Diary Veldtlager..."), including 12 from the allied camp at Leuven, dated between 6 June and 16 July 1693, 13 tables and lists detailing the forces of various regiments, one list ("Specification") of the dead and wounded in an action on 5 June 1693, one order-of-battle diagram ("Ordre de Bataille der Allirten ReichsArmee...1693"), 2 march routes, one military diagram, and many other documents, together with a printed notice by KIng Friedrich I of Prussia ("Copia Schreibens von Seiner Churfl. Dhl. zu Brandenbur. An Ihre Churfl. Dhl. zu Pfaltz", [Oranienburg: 28 March 1693]

...Obwollen man gehoffet, der König von Engellandt würdte sich bereits vor einigen Tagen schon alhier eingefundten haben, so ist doch desselben anherokhunfft bis anhero aus einig in Hollandt vorgefallen hochwichtigen Ursachen verschoben wordten, In deme und[er] d[er] Handt von einig vornemben Glidern daselbsten, wie man sagt, ein particular friden mit Franckhreich hat getroffen werdten sollen, welches aber eben noch zur rechter Zeit dem König von Engellandt ist verkhundtschafftet wordten, und d[er]selbe hierauf den Bürgermaister von Dort sambt noch andern principal Adhaerenten hat arrehtiren lassen, waryber man nun ser scharffe, und geheimbe inquisition haltet; Der König wirdt nichts desto weniger heunt abents oder morgen aufs lengste auf einem Schloss eine stundt von hier unfehlbar erwarthet, da indessen die sambentliche Allyrte trouppen gancz bereith stehen, sogleich sich coniungiren, und eine considerable armée formiren zukhönnen, dahingegen solle d[er] König von Franckhreich, der den 18. dies von Versailles aufgebrochen, allerehister Tagen mit einer armée von 120.000 Mann bey Mons zu stehen khommen, wirdt also in khurzem von mehrern zuhören, und zu schreiben sein... 

over 350 pages in all, plus blanks, various sizes, many 4to, many letters with address panels and seals, with an upper wrapper inscribed "...Correspondenz schreiben an Ihro Excell: H: General v. Steinau, zur Zeit d. Campagne im Reich an. 1693", typed transcriptions of some items, Mainz, Munich, Vienna, Buriasco, Leuven and elsewhere, 1693


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Catalogue Note

The Grand Alliance (known before 1689 as the League of Augsburg ) was a European coalition formed by Austria, Bavaria, Brandenburg, England, the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, Spain and other states with the chief aim of defending the Palatinate from France. The War of the Grand Alliance (1688-1697) was the third of the great wars fought by the coalition against Louis XIV. It was a war of positioning and manoeuvring, chiefly marked by the military blunderings of William of Orange and the naval shortcomings of the French. 1693, the year covered by the present collection of documents, saw the culminating point of the war which ended four years later with both sides suing for peace after nine years of inconclusive combat.

The present collection of documents, many of which are addressed to General Adam Heinrich von Steinau (died 1712), commander of the Bavarian army, afford a remarkably detailed and dramatic view of allied operations in Mainz, Leuven and elsewhere in 1693. Regarding Steinau, see lot 65.

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