149

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# - Jung, Carl Gustav.
EXTRAORDINARY COLLECTION OF WORKING PAPERS CONCERNING THE CONCEPT OF THE COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS AND MANDALA SYMBOLISM

1) Typescript of the lecture "Ueber den Begriff des collectiven Unbewussten", an apparently unpublished typescript containing numerous manuscript corrections and annotations by jung, some entries on paper strips pasted onto the loose sheets, some later manuscript annotations, including in red crayon, apparently by Gerhard Adler, 11 whole loose sheets (c. 273 x 212mm.) and fragments of 3 further sheets [originally 16: 2 'missing' whole sheets and apparently all of the 'missing' parts of 3 sheets, are pasted into 2)], no place or date [after 1930] 

2) Volume containing printed typescript of two lectures concerning the collective unconscious and mandala symbolism delivered in Berlin on 28-29 September 1937 ("Bericht über die Berliner Vorträge von Prof. Dr. C. G. Jung 28./29. Sept. 1937"), containing some apparently unpublished material and with extensive manuscript corrections, deletions and annotations by jung, a number of typed sheets or parts of sheets containing autograph annotations pasted in, a large number of autograph annotations on strips of paper also pasted in, the original, secondary heading of the first lecture ("Ueber den Begriff des collectiven Unbewussten") later cancelled and a new title ("Über Mandalasymbolik") put at the head of the typescript, c. 55 pages ["Erster Vortrag": pp.1-16; "Zweiter Vortrag": pp.17ff.], 4to (294 x 204mm.), numerous plain illustrations pasted in, some later manuscript annotations, bookplate of Jung on inner cover, printed label on upper cover ("Bericht über die Berliner Vorträge von Prof. Dr. C. G. Jung 28./29. Sept. 1937"), paper label to spine ("37"), cloth-backed paper wrappers, [c. 1937-1949], some browning and staining, a few leaves and illustrations detached, a few small tears

3) Typescript of "Ueber Mandalasymbolik" ["Concerning Mandala Symbolism"], incorporating the corrections made by Jung to 2), with further extensive manuscript emendations and annotations by jung, with many autograph additions on paper strips pasted onto the loose sheets, c. 38 pages in all, some later manuscript annotations, no place or date [before c. October 1949], some pages lacking, creasing; together with an uncorrected carbon of 3)

4) Autograph manuscript of the beginning of "Über Mandalasymbolik", 2 pages, folio, corrected typescript fragments laid down on verso, no place or date [before c. October 1949], torn at the edges

...Als Dynamis glaubte Freud den Sexualtrieb in Anspruch nehmen zu dürfen. Daraus ergab sich die theoretische Auffassung, dass das unbewusst Psychische im Wesentlichen aus sogenannten incompatibeln resp. verdrängten sexuellen Inhalten bestehe. Auf dieser Auffassung, nämlich der sogenannten Sexualtheorie des Unbewussten hat sich Freud dauernd fixiert. Spätere Modificationen haben an der Grundauffassung nicht gerüttelt. Das wesentlich Psychische ist bei Freud das Bewusstsein. Das Unbewusste ensteht durch Vergessen oder Verdrängen. Es ist ein Sammelort aller Strebungen, Wünsche und sonstiger Inhalte, welche durch moralische Censur vom Bewusstsein ferngehalten werden. Demnach wäre das Unbewusste theoretisch erschöpf- oder entleerbar, indem es nur das enthielte, was ursprünglich vom individuellen Bewusstsein abgespalten oder vergessen wurde. Vermöge der den unbewussten Inhalten innewohnenden Triebkraft versuchen diese beständig ins Bewusstsein einzubrechen, woran sie aber durch die Censur gehindert werden. Das Unbewusste ist nach dieser Auffassung wesentlich ein moralisches Culturproduct, das durch ein amoralisches und umfänglicheres Individualbewusstsein jederzeit aufgehoben werden könnte. Auf diesem Grundsatz beruht die von Freud angegebene psychoanalytische Therapie. Meine eigenen Forschungen näherten sich dem Problem des Unbewussten von einer anderen Seite... Bevor ich Ihnen nun die Parallelen demonstriere, muss ich ein paar Worte über das Symbol, welches man im Osten als Mandala bezeichnet, sagen. Mandala heisst Kreis, im Speciellen magischer oder Zauberkreis. Es bestehen besonders in der lamaistischen Literatur bis ins einzelne gehende Vorschriften, wie ein solcher Kreis zu malen und wie er zu gebrauchen ist...


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Literature

C.G. Jung, Collected Works, vol. 18 (1977), pp.515-516; C.G. Jung, Gesammelte Werke, 18/2, pp.549-550

Catalogue Note

This is a spectacular collection of manuscripts and corrected typescripts dealing with themes central to Jung's work, and includes the apparently unpublished lecture typescript "Ueber den Begriff des collectiven Unbewussten".

It is without question the most important collection of working papers by Jung to appear at auction in recent times. 

The earliest of the above items 2), 3) and 4) is 2), a volume containing the printed text of two lectures delivered by Jung in Berlin in 1937. The text of the first lecture is very similar, but not identical, to 1), a lecture typescript entitled "Ueber den Begriff des collectiven Unbewussten". This latter, apparently unpublished, and possibly earlier, typescript, which contains some important references to Freud apparently not found in the Berlin lecture, seems to correspond in all respects - in its discussion of the collective psyche and mandala symbolism - with an abstract of a lecture delivered by Jung at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich, on 1 February 1932 - the abstract, published in the Vierteljahresschrift der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich LXXVII/2 (1932), pp.iv-v, is all that is known of the paper (in Gesammelte Werke, 18/2, p.549, the lecture abstract has the title "Die Hypothese des Kollektiven Unbewussten"). "The MS of the original lecture has not been found", according to Collected Works, vol. 18, p.515. It seems possible, however, that 1) transmits the lost 1932 lecture text, either directly or indirectly.

The text of the Berlin lectures was later substantially revised, augmented and corrected by Jung: indeed, the volume containing them has at least as much autograph material as original printed text. The result is a densely-packed, multi-layered and visually stunning object. The revised text was later re-typed and again substantially revised and augmented - see item 3) - to provide the basis of the text of the fourth chapter ("Über Mandalasymbolik") of Gestaltungen des Unbewussten (1950). This chapter, which represents something of a final reworking of earlier themes, now dispenses with the introductory part of 3); its new opening is transmitted - with some variations - by item 4), the autograph manuscript entitled "Über Mandalasymbolik".

In many respects, Jung's discovery of the mandala (Sanskrit: "circle") provided the key to his whole system. In Erinnerungen, Träume, Gedanken (1962), Jung recalled the event in 1919: 
...I sketched every morning in the notebook a small circular drawing, a mandala, which seemed to correspond to my inner situation at the time... Only gradually did I discover what the mandala really is: "Formation, Transformation, Eternal Mind's eternal re-creation"... And that is the self, the wholeness of the personality, which if all goes well is harmonious, but which cannot tolerate self-deceptions...

How the mandala related to other key concepts in Jung's thought is revealed in the article "Über Mandalasymbolik" in Gestaltungen des Unbewussten:
...there must be a transconscious disposition in every individual which is able to produce the same or very similar symbols at all times and in all places. Since this disposition is usually not a conscious possession of the individual, I have called it the collective unconscious, and, as the bases of its symbolical products, I postulate the existence of primordial images, the archetypes...

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