Jean-Louis Curtis, Baccarat, Editions du Regard, Paris, 1991, pp. 73 and 95 for black and white period photographs of the present model and p. 286 for an illustration of the factory trade paper label found on the present lot
Baccarat is universally acknowledged as one of the preeminent glass manufacturing firms. The firm, which was best known as the Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat, was founded in 1764 by royal consent, partly to provide employment and partly to compete with the Bohemian glass industry. Since the early years of the 19th century it has been, and still is, one of the great French companies producing the very best quality in glassware.
Baccarat was the first factory in France to manufacture crystal and bronze chandeliers and candelabra and they worked hard to rival the English chandelier industry. In 1840 they exhibited an enormous pair of candelabra which were over 17 feet high with 90 candles at the 1855 World's Fair. The present model was exhibibited in Paris at the 1878 Exhibition Universelle.
The original signature paper labels in the present lot were used by the firm from 1862 to 1936.
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