Ibid. O prodovolstvennom naloge [About food taxation]. St Petersburg: State Publishing House, 1921, 8vo, 36pp., original printed wrapper, uncut
Ibid. Novyi kurs [The new direction]. Ekaterinburg: State Publishing House, 1921, 8vo, original grey printed wrapper, spine slightly chipped
Ibid. Izbrannye stat'i po natsionalnomy voprosy [Selected papers on the national question]. Moscow & St Petersburg: State Publishing House, 1923, 8vo, original printed wrapper, browned, covers chipped and detached
Ibid. Novaya ekonomicheskaya politika: stat'i i rechi [New economic policy: papers and speeches]. Moscow & St Petersburg: State Publishing House, , 8vo, original printed wrapper, early annotations in red, edges browned, covers chipped and detached, spine defective
together 5 volumes
Lenin announced his New Economic Policy at the start of 1921 as a result of a peasant rebellion and strikes about the food shortage (military brutality had failed on this occasion). Since 1918 the state had extracted grain from villages at low prices, partly in order to feed the Red Army, which resulted in pitched battles between the peasants and those sent to seize the grain, and any peasants resisting were to be executed. This resulted in less farmland being sown for grain and therefore lower food production. The aim of the NEP was to end this exaction of food and to allow a modicum of trade, but it was too late to avoid or help relieve the largest famine ever to strike Europe, in which 5.2 million people died.
One of the other outcomes of the NEP, which allowed for a limited market economy, was the increased freedom for writers to be able to publish their own works both in Russia and abroad.
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