Russian Revolutions of 1905 and 1917.
Osvobozhdeniye [edited by Peter Struve], nos 62 (December 1904) and 65 (February 1905), Paris, folio, folded
Golos' Truda [describing the events in St Petersburg 3-13 January]. January 1905, folio, 3pp., creased
Moscow Socialist Revolutionary Party. Ko vsem grazhdanam goroda Moskvy [To all inhabitants of Moscow]. October 1905, single printed sheet
All-Russian Peasants' Union. Chego khotyat' lyudi, kotorye khodyat' s' krasnym' flagom' [The wishes of the people who walk with the red flag]. [c. 1905], single sheet
Ibid. Sobraniye upolnomochennykh' gubernskikh' zemstv' 9-go Dekabrya 1916 g. [Assembly of the elective district councils 9 December 1916]. Single sheet, typescript
Kerensky, A.F. Rech' [Speech]. [c. 1916], typescript précis of a speech
Shidlovsky, S.I. Deklaratsiya progressivnago bloka [Declaration of the progressive block]. 1 November 1916, single sheet, carbon copy of typescript
Maklakov, V.A. Rech' [Speech]. 3 November 1916, typescript
Poems. Typescript of seven poems by Severyanin, Mayakovsky, Vertinsky, Bal'mont and others. No date
with a further 4 broadsheets by the Socialist Revolutionary Party, 1905, a typescript speech by Milyukov dated 1 November 1916, another by V.V. Zhul'gin (incomplete), a flyer from the National Party for Freedom c. 1916, a typescript of anti-tsarist poems, and a manuscript of a pro-workers poem
"The Russian Revolution of 1917 may be said to have begun in November of the preceding year, when the government came under intense assault from liberal and conservative Duma deputies for its conduct of the war. The leader of the liberals, Paul Miliukov, virtually accused the government of treason. These attacks emanating from the highest political circles made the country ungovernable; the conviction spread that drastic change had to come" (R. Pipes, Communism, London 2001, p.34).
Kerensky had become Russia's nominal dictator after the abdication of the Tsar in April 1917. After losing the support of the army he released Bolshevik agitators from prison in the hope of preventing a military coup; but Lenin seized power for the Bolsheviks instead.
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