late 18th/early 19th century
The design for this celebrated model which was first recorded in 1783, has been formerly attributed to the architect Jean-Desmosthene Dugourc (1749-1825) in view of the design-reproduced here in fig.1. now in the Musée des Arts Decoratifs in Paris (GF 21 no. 38. 378), as it is included in an album of furniture designs delivered to both Madame Elisabeth and the comte de Provence and inscribed `Dessin par J.D.Dugourc, architecte et dessinateur Du Cabinet du Monsieur Frère du Roi, Paris, 1790'. It is also annotated, ` Executé par Gouthière, Siseleur doreur du Roy faubourg St. Martin'-the latter inscription has been challenged by academics as not being authentic.
Dominique Daguerre was invoiced for this model on 26th June 1783 by Francois-Remond the fondeur-ciseleur, `Pour fonte, facon Et Dorure mate d’une pre de grands flambeaux à 4. figures. Et à guirlandes et fleur. Etc 1050 livres’. He mentions the model again in 1786-`Pour fourniture d’une paire de grand flambeaux à quatre Cariathide dor mat 888 livres'. It may well have been the case that Daguerre owned the master model and Rémond carried out the casting gilding and chasing to his order.
There are various 18th and 19th century models of these candlesticks including a pair in the Wallace Collection (F174-5)-reproduced here in fig.2. Another in the Musée Carnavalet, Paris. Also see a set of four, with the comte de Vaudreuil provenance, sold from the Champalimaud Collection, 7th July, Christie’s, London, 2005, as lot 160.
Jean-Demosthene Dugourc (1749-1825):
In 1780, Dugourc was appointed architecte et dessinateur du Cabinet de Monsieur ..the duc d’Orleans, the brother of Louis XVI. He furnished designs for costumes and sets for the Stockholm opera in 1781 and in 1783, he was promoted to directeur des costumes et décor de l’Opeéa in Paris. It was upon his promotion to Intendant des batiments to the duc in 1784, that he became at last a dessinateur to the Garde-Meuble de la Couronne. He fled to Spain after the Revolution wher he was appointed Royal architect in 1800. He remained there until he finally returned to France with the restoration of the Bourbons in 1815.
François Remond and Dominique Daguerre:
François Remond was born in 1747 and was elected maître in 1774 and he mainly supplied the marchand-mercier Dominique Daguerre although he was also employed by ébénistes such as Jean-Henri Riesener and David Roentgen two of the most celebrated makers of the second half of the 18th century. He had also many private clientrs including Marie-Antoinette, the comte d’Artois and the duc de Penthièvre .
Dominique Daguerre inherited Poirier’s workshop and supplied in the main luxurious objects to the French court and also following the French Revolution, in particular the English nobility. He was based in the rue St. Honoré and in 1786, he signed an exclusive agreement to sell Wedgwood’s Jasperware in Paris. He opened a shop in Piccadilly in London in 1788.
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