Augusto Cardoso Pinto, Cadeiras Portuguesas, Lisbon, 1952, p. 15, fig. 124, for a chair with a similarly carved back.
There is a considerable amount of furniture in Portugal and in former Portuguese colonies which either closely follows or is adapted from designs in Chippendale's, The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director, the first edition of which was published in 1754. The Methuen Treaty of 1703 Treaty gave Portugal a preferred market for wines in England and in return England obtained similar preferences for wool so that by the mid 18th century there was large colony of English merchants living in Portugal, some of whom must have brought with them their own English furniture.
It is recorded that there were English cabinet-makers working in Lisbon in the mid 18th century and the work of these men and English imported furniture was copied by Portuguese craftsmen. However, they altered the proportions to suit Portuguese taste and the pieces were made in Brazilian rosewood or walnut rather than in mahogany as in English examples.
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