The scene illustrated on this brushpot comes from Wang Xizhi's Preface to the Literary Gathering at the Orchid Pavilion, where in 353 AD, Wang invited 41 friends to join him for the purification of the rites of spring. They drank wine from cups floated down the stream and had a poetry writing contest. See a brushpot with of the same subject in Dr. Ip Yee's collection, illustrated in Ip Yee and Laurence Tam, Chinese Bamboo Carving, part I, Hong Kong Museum of Art, cat. no. 79; and another one in the collection of Julia Cheng, illustrated in Wang Shixiang and Wan-go Wang, Bamboo Carving of China, China Institute, New York, 1983, cat. no. 71.