A Dictionary of the Hawaiian Language. Honolulu: Henry M. Whitney, 1865. 8vo; foxing and browning. Contemporary calf, in a black cloth slipcase; rebacked. Forbes 3:2615. — Another edition of the same. Honolulu: 1922. Cloth; worn, backstrip mended with tape. Presented to J. Francis Stimson [the great linguist] by the Bishop Museum, May 12, 1923; bookplate of Don Marshall. — [With his:] Grammar of the Hawaiian Language. Honolulu: Mission Press, 1854. 8vo, folding chart; some foxing, a few dampstains. Old marbled wrappers, in a calf drop box, bookplate of Cornelia C. Potts. Forbes 3: 1974 — Another unidentified edition of the same, title lacking, interleaved with ms. notes on vocabulary and usage, in the hand of J. Francis Stimson; bookplate of Don Marshall. Contemporary red three-quarter straight-grain morocco.
First editions of Andrews’ Dictionary and Grammar, two of the fundamental books on Hawai’i, the first full-scale dictionary of the Hawaiian language and the first comprehensive grammar of the language.
Andrews (1795-1868) came to Hawai'i as a missionary in 1827. He was the first head of the Lahainaluna Seminary on Maui, and was later in charge of the printing and binding office there. In 1845 he became judge of the court of Oahu, and served as a secretary of the privy council.
In compiling the Dictionary, Andrews worked from his 1836 publication Vocabulary of the Hawaiian Language along with a manuscript by Dr. Dwight Baldwin, an interleaved copy of the Vocabulary annotated by William Richards who had gathered words while teaching chiefs, and other interleaved copies. The introduction by William D. Alexander is a fine scholarly essay on the origin of the language. The Dictionary was printed with the financial assistance of the Hawai’ian government.
The Grammar was based almost entirely on native manuscripts and printed texts. The cost of this too was supported by the government. Not all copies contain the folding table “Synopsis of a Verb in its Conjugations, Moods, and Tenses” which is present here.
Together 4 pieces.
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