Francesco Vanni Siena 1563 - 1610
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- Francesco Vanni
- The Madonna and Child with Saint Lucy
- oil on canvas
Vanni was one of the leading exponents of mannerist painting in Siena during the second half of the 16th Century. His works, alongside those of contemporaries such as Rutilio Manetti and Ventura Salimbeni (with whose works his are often confused), are characterised by their colourful palette and the sweetness of his figures. This devotional painting probably dates from Vanni's mature period, that is around 1600, by comparison with other works by the artist. The Christ Child is typical of the sweet figures in Vanni's works and reappears often (see, for example, the slightly earlier Madonna and Child in the Santuario di Santa Caterina, Siena; see L'Arte a Siena sotto i Medici 1555-1609, exh. cat., Siena, Palazzo Pubblico, 3 May - 15 September 1980, pp. 134-5, cat. no. 50a, reproduced). Furthermore Saint Lucy is extremely close to the figure of Saint Cecilia, also in profile and looking down slightly, in Vanni's altarpiece in the Church of Sant' Agnese a Vignano, Siena, datable to circa 1600 (op. cit., pp. 139-40, cat. no. 53, reproduced).