Léonard Tsuguharu Foujita

Born 1886, Japan. Died 1968.
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Léonard Tsuguharu Foujita Biography

Artist Tsuguharu Foujita, also sometimes referred to as Léonard Tsuguharu Foujita, was born in Tokyo, Japan, in 1886. Three years after graduating from the Tokyo University of the Arts in 1910, Foujita travelled to Paris, France, where he became acquainted with a number of the leading artists of the time, including Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani and Pablo Picasso. He began exhibiting in Paris in 1917, and the inclusion of his work Nu couché à la toile de Jouy (Reclining Nude with Toile de Jouy) in the 1922 Salon d’Automne was a major success, translating to an incredibly prosperous period in Foujita’s career. This particular work is indicative of Foujita’s ability to deftly blend Eastern and Western styles; where the composition is largely based on the Euroean odalisque tradition, the line and execution harken to traditional Japanese art making.

After the outbreak of World War II, Foujita returned to Japan and was engaged as an artist for the Japanese government, a position that drew reproach from his artist friends and peers in Japan. The artistic community of Japan at the time was made up largely of pacifists, and they saw his work as an aide for warmongering by the government. His reputation in his home country never recovered, and after travelling to the United States in 1949, he ultimately relocated permanently back to France in 1950. Back in France, his career flourished, and he was made French citizen in 1955, and awarded the Legion of Honour in 1957.

In 1959, Foujita converted to Roman Catholicism, and was baptized as Léonard. Following his conversion the subject matter of his work became distinctly religious themed, and he undertook a number of religious commissions—chief among these being the Chapel of Our Lady Queen of Peace (also known as the Foujita Chapel) in Reims, France, in 1966. He died in 1968, and was ultimately interred at the Foujita Chapel. Today, his works can be found in numerous premier museum collections, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; and the National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto.

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