Tribes of the Turkman

Lots 16-28 and 50-63

Included in this sale are Turkman weavings from the late 18th to the late 19th century, a pivotal time for these semi-nomadic peoples, as inter-tribal wars saw two of the most revered tribes, the Salor and Saryk, all but destroyed by the Tekke, and the region annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881.



The Salor were highly respected for their skilful carpet weaving, so much so they were known by other Turkman tribes as ‘the father of carpet weaving’ Tzareva, E., Salor CarpetsHali, vol. 6, No. 2, p. 126. In literature, the Salors (Salgurs) are first mentioned in the Lugat-at-aturk by the 11th century author Makhmud Kajiari, who listed them among 22 Oguz-Turkic tribes inhabiting the Amu Darya/Syr Darya Delta. Today Salor weavings are considered among the rarest and most beautiful, the scarcity of those surviving and the care in their making is remarkable, consider lot 16, a splendid wedding trapping or the carpet, lot 28. Whilst the Salor were renowned weavers, diverse and beautifully crafted weavings were made by all tribes; for example the rare and handsome Saryk main carpet, lot 21, or indeed the storied Eagle and ‘C’ gul main carpets of the Yomut, lots 22 and 23. The sale also includes other Turkman weavings such as horse covers, tent bands, and bag faces. For comprehensive discussion on Turkman works see Ed. Mackie, L. and Thompson, J., Turkmen Tribal Carpets and Traditions, U.S.A, 1980, or Pinner, R. and Eiland Jr, M., Between the Black Desert and the Red, Turkmen Carpets from the Wiedersperg Collection, U.S.A, 1999.