This impressive marble is after an Antique group of a Satyr with the Infant Dionysus
in the collection of the Museo archeologico nazionale in Naples, formerly part of the Farnese Collection which was moved to Naples in 1787. An engraving from circa 1540-50 in the British Museum entitled Silenus with the Infant Bacchus
, also formerly part of the Farnese collection, shows the group with a slightly different arrangement of the figures (inv. no. Y,6.304). There Silenus grasps Bacchus’ outstretched left arm and carries a bunch of grapes in his right. The model was edited by the Neapolitan foundry Sabatino de Angelis and a bronze version is at Hatchlands Park, Surrey. The present group is a rare, lifesize copy in marble.
P. Monaco, Specimens from the Naples Museum, Naples, 1895, pl. 46